The view that “by the 1850s the Constitution, originally framed as an instrument of national unity, had become a source of sectional discord and tension and ultimately contributed to the failure of the union it had created” is true. This view is supported by the fact that by the mid 1850’s the Union was being split apart by issues such as popular sovereignty, slavery, and secession, which are talked about in the Constitution. An issue like popular sovereignty was talked or written about in many political documents during the 1850’s such as The Great Compromise (1850) and the Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854). Popular sovereignty, which is defined as ‘the ability of a state to decide whether or not to permit slavery’, was seen as a right by the Southern states. While the Southern states saw it as a state right, the Northern states had the opposite view that popular sovereignty was a violation of the national unity and supremacy of the Constitution. As seen in Document A, the map of The United States in 1850, the Utah Territory, the New Mexico Territory, and part of Texas had the decision of whether to become a free or slave state. This choice angered the South because they felt that is was not fair to give them a choice, that the states should only be slave states. The Utah Territory, the New Mexico Territory, and part of Texas were called ‘disputed areas’ because the North and South had continuous arguments over what should happen in those territories. This dispute in popular sovereignty did become a source of sectional discord and grew tension between the North and South, which contributed to the failure of the union that the Constitution had created. Next, slavery was a major factor to the failure of the union that the Constitution had created. The South had the belief that in the Constitution, it gave them the right to have slaves, but the North declared that slavery was not mentioned by name in the Constitution. The North often disobeyed the highly opposed Fugitive Slave Law, which demanded the North return runaway slaves to the South. Southerners believed this law was supported by the Constitution and were outraged when the North did not follow it. According to Document D and C, Northerner Ralph Waldo Emerson and Northern Abolitionists did not support The Fugitive Slave Law. In Document D, Emerson states his belief that, “I suppose the Union can be left to take care of itself… but one thing appears certain to me, that, as soon as the Constitution ordains an immoral law, it ordains disunion. The law itself is suicidal and cannot be obeyed. The Union is at an end as soon as a immoral law is enacted.” This means that he believes the Union is at an end because The Fugitive Slave Law is immoral and suicidal. In Document C, Northern abolitionists handed out this handout that was dated on April 24, 1851, to colored people or even free African Americans because The Fugitive Slave Law enacted watchmen and police officers to be able to kidnap or catch suspected slaves on the run in Boston. These views of slavery that were mentioned in the Constitution divided America and contributed to the failure of the Union is had created. Secession helped head to the failure of the Union that the Constitution had created by having an action mentioned about separation in the Constitution. It states that separation was sometimes a necessary act. Southerners believed that the Constitution allowed them to separate from the Union when ‘their rights were violated’, while the North saw the Constitution as a declaration of a Union that cannot be separated. Although the
APUSH DBQ 11
The key areas that have defined the United States since its creation were
business, industry, and trade. After all, people first began settling in the United States
looking for new opportunities. The industrial North, although different in many ways,
worked with agrarian South in the early start of the creation of America, building up to
an eventual worldclass, top economy based on the foundations of trade and business.
Even though the American economy experienced ups and downs…
APUSH P. 1
5 January 2015
Discuss the impact of industrialization on workers in the United States from 1865
to 1914 and explain the ways that individuals and the government responded to
the problems created by industrialization.
3) The impact that industrialization had on workers in the US is important to understand
because in this time period industrialization was a huge part of people’s life and changed
many by cre…
Although the New England and the Chesapeake region were both settled largely by the people of English Origin, they ended up evolving into two distinct societies by the 16th century for a number of reasons. That being that there were social, environmental, economical, and religious differences amongst the two regions.
The emigrants bound for New England which included the colonies of Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, and New Hampshire, came as families (Document B), not necessarily looking…
Thomas Jefferson, 3rd President of the United States and founder of the Democratic-Republicans, was criticized for going against his own party’s political ideas of a strong centralized government and a strict interpretation of the Constitution. However, based on the documents given, Thomas Jefferson went to Federalist ideas when either it bettered the country or had to do with foreign affairs. He also used a lot of his Democratic-Republican policies too, in which he shrank the national debt and weakened…
In the period up until 1700, the Chesapeake and New England colonies developed differently, most notably in religion, economy, and government.
The Chesapeake and New England colonies differed in the area of religion as they developed. The intent of the Chesapeake colonies was rarely to stay permanently; rather, they were interested in economic opportunities. One of the most famous incentives was the rumor of gold, among other precious metals and stones. This can be seen in Document C, which is…
Although New England and the Chesapeake region were both settled mostly by the English, by the year 1700, the regions were two different very distinct societies. This difference can be traced to a couple of different reasons such as the reasons for founding, the different types of settlers the regions attracted, and the contrast in economies.
In 1607, Virginia was founded by the Virginia Company of London. Since the colony was originally founded by this company instead of the crown as…
Sept. 3rd, 2014
At the turn of the 17th century England began to establish colonies in what they
referred to as the “New World”. England had several reasons as to why they wanted to
establish these colonies, from gaining wealth in what they thought could possibly be gold, to
establishing a connection to raw materials much like what Spain and France had done.
Though the colonists in the Chesapeake and New England Regions came from a similar…
The Protestant Reformation in England led the Puritans to immigrate to America. Also, Old England was going through a hard economic time. Many were poor and unemployed, and this caused English men to seek a better life in the new world. The Spanish exploration, led by Christopher Columbus, led the way for other European countries to follow to the new world. The eastern coast of North America was colonized by English men of the same background and origin, but by the 1700s, the New England and Chesapeake…
A capitalist is described as a wealthy person who uses money to invest in
trade and industry for profit in accordance with the principles of capitalism.
Therefore, having the wealthiest people as the center of everything to do with the
industry and how it is handled. The industry was owned by the “fat cats”, the fat
cats were rich business owners who happened to be of bigger size most of the
time. A robber baron is defined as an unscrupulous plutocrat…
February 25, 2015h
In this paper I will describe how the march on Washington definitely started from the grassroots rather than from a charismatic leadership. This is shown first of all in Document D, because it shows all the people gathering together without a leader, all sharing the same goal, to get jobs and freedom. Document F backs up my claim in that this march started from grassroots since there is no leader in either picture, or its just people standing up for what…