Although the New England and the Chesapeake region were both settled largely by the people of English Origin, they ended up evolving into two distinct societies by the 16th century for a number of reasons. That being that there were social, environmental, economical, and religious differences amongst the two regions. The emigrants bound for New England which included the colonies of Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, and New Hampshire, came as families (Document B), not necessarily looking for money or what-not, but for the opportunity to achieve freedom and have a new place to live. Many of those emigrants, who were Puritan, were also looking to escape religious persecutions. However, the emigrants bound for the Chesapeake which included the colonies of Virginia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia, had a different plan in mind. These emigrants came as single individuals instead of families which were mostly men in their early 20’s (Document C). They came to the Chesapeake mainly for money as they were very much profit hungry. They set up large plantations where they made profit from their cultivation in tobacco because of a man named John Rolfe, the husband of Pocahontas, otherwise known as the “father of tobacco”, who in 1612, had perfected methods of raising and curing the pungent weed, eliminating much of the bitter tang. A tobacco rush swept across the Chesapeake, as the crops were planted even in the streets of Jamestown, Virginia. Ships had annually hauled some 1.5 million pounds of tobacco out of Chesapeake Bay by the 1630’s and almost 40 million pounds a year by the end of the century. Tobacco was able to flourish in the colonies of the Chesapeake, however, New England had difficulties prospering. The heavy glaciated soil in New England was packed with countless amounts of stones which made it hard for crops like tobacco to become a staple product, or for agriculture to grow. This downside also affected New England to be less ethnically mixed than the Chesapeake because the immigrants were not attracted to settle where the site was so stony. Even though the Chesapeake was able to become economically stable from tobacco cultivation, it eventually exhausted the soil creating the need more land, and more land and tobacco called for more workers. Slavery played a major role in the Chesapeake region. Both indentured servants and African Slaves were used to work in tobacco plantations to earn capital and for land. Virginia and Maryland established “the headright system” under which whoever paid the passage for the laborer, received the right to acquire 50-acres of land. With indentured servants, they were given a term of servitude in which they would fulfill and would have eventual freedom dues which included a few barrels of corn, a suit of clothes, and perhaps a small parcel of land. But as prime land became scarcer, masters of these indentured servants became increasingly resistant to including land grants in the servant’s freedom dues, thus igniting Bacon’s rebellion (Document H). As wealthy planters became land hungry, more and more slaves were brought in to the Americas and social status began to be established in both the Chesapeake and New England. As slavery spread, gaps in the Chesapeake’s social structure widened. At the top of their social ladder were the planters who ruled the region’s economy and for that matter, virtually monopolized political power. Far beneath them in wealth, prestige, and political power were the small farmers. Still lower on the social scale were the landless whites, and lastly were the black slaves. Social classes of the New England colonies were not as drastic as that of the Chesapeake. At the top were the clergymen. After came the white men, who usually owned small farms or businesses and had a family. Lower were the women who were expected to give birth to and raise children. At the bottom, like in the Chesapeake were the black slaves. Financially,…
The view that “by the 1850s the Constitution, originally framed as an instrument of national unity, had become a source of sectional discord and tension and ultimately contributed to the failure of the union it had created” is true. This view is supported by the fact that by the mid 1850’s the Union was being split apart by issues such as popular sovereignty, slavery, and secession, which are talked about in the Constitution.
An issue like popular sovereignty was talked or written about in many…
APUSH P. 1
5 January 2015
Discuss the impact of industrialization on workers in the United States from 1865
to 1914 and explain the ways that individuals and the government responded to
the problems created by industrialization.
3) The impact that industrialization had on workers in the US is important to understand
because in this time period industrialization was a huge part of people’s life and changed
many by cre…
During the 1600s, a rapid expansion of exploration becomes an essential policy of the English. The resulting colonies, particularly the Chesapeake and New England colonies, show many differentiations. The reasons that both sets of these colonies differ are due to their various virtues. These virtues are reflected in the economies in these two sets of colonies. The colonies display further disparity in their lifestyles.
Both sets of colonies have been settled by people with different values. The…
In the period up until 1700, the Chesapeake and New England colonies developed differently, most notably in religion, economy, and government.
The Chesapeake and New England colonies differed in the area of religion as they developed. The intent of the Chesapeake colonies was rarely to stay permanently; rather, they were interested in economic opportunities. One of the most famous incentives was the rumor of gold, among other precious metals and stones. This can be seen in Document C, which…
Thomas Jefferson, 3rd President of the United States and founder of the Democratic-Republicans, was criticized for going against his own party’s political ideas of a strong centralized government and a strict interpretation of the Constitution. However, based on the documents given, Thomas Jefferson went to Federalist ideas when either it bettered the country or had to do with foreign affairs. He also used a lot of his Democratic-Republican policies too, in which he shrank the national debt and…
APUSH DBQ 11
The key areas that have defined the United States since its creation were
business, industry, and trade. After all, people first began settling in the United States
looking for new opportunities. The industrial North, although different in many ways,
worked with agrarian South in the early start of the creation of America, building up to
an eventual worldclass, top economy based on the foundations of trade and business.
Even though the American economy experienced ups and downs…
Although New England and the Chesapeake region were both settled mostly by the English, by the year 1700, the regions were two different very distinct societies. This difference can be traced to a couple of different reasons such as the reasons for founding, the different types of settlers the regions attracted, and the contrast in economies.
In 1607, Virginia was founded by the Virginia Company of London. Since the colony was originally founded by this company instead of the crown as…
Sept. 3rd, 2014
At the turn of the 17th century England began to establish colonies in what they
referred to as the “New World”. England had several reasons as to why they wanted to
establish these colonies, from gaining wealth in what they thought could possibly be gold, to
establishing a connection to raw materials much like what Spain and France had done.
Though the colonists in the Chesapeake and New England Regions came from a similar…
The Protestant Reformation in England led the Puritans to immigrate to America. Also, Old England was going through a hard economic time. Many were poor and unemployed, and this caused English men to seek a better life in the new world. The Spanish exploration, led by Christopher Columbus, led the way for other European countries to follow to the new world. The eastern coast of North America was colonized by English men of the same background and origin, but by the 1700s, the New England and Chesapeake…
AP European History
AP U.S. Government
AP U.S. History