The zeitgeist in general refers to social, learned, ethnical, spiritual or political atmosphere in a country or in a particular group, alongside the general vibe, ethics and socio cultural events connected to a certain period of time. The personality and naturalistic positions in the historical backdrop of psychological research and study are diverse and incorporate numerous distinctive researches, ranging from scholars to different researchers. These masterminds have impacted the investigation of psychology from numerous points of view. The personality position in scientific history and additionally the naturalistic positions prompted the development of the field of social psychology. The zeitgeist helped the field of psychology by giving the individuals who were living in those times the devices to have the capacity to adapt to the times in which they were existing. Utilizing positivism to clarify how all things ought to be seen.
Both the personality and naturalistic theories of scientific history are related to the zeitgeist .The zeitgeist of the earlier centuries primarily focused on building intellectual capacity that in turn nourished new psychology whose underlying principle was the spirit of mechanism, some people viewing the universe to be a great machine. This doctrine states that all natural processes are mechanically determined and can be explained by the laws of physics and chemistry. The idea of mechanism traces its roots to physics being a result of the Italian physicist known as Galileo Galilei and fellow English mathematician and physicist known as Isaac Newton who discovered matter.
The invention of the mechanical clock was as a result of the spirit of mechanism and was a technological sensation then as computers are today. At that time it was the only mechanical device that marveled human thoughts, they were first developed by the Chinese and the Europeans soon followed suit by modifying the clock making it fancy by reducing its size. This idea went on to become a model in the founding of the United States and American politics at large and played a part in development of the doctrine of separation of powers which was incorporated in the