Defining Different Crimes Essays

Submitted By Tecybaby
Words: 626
Pages: 3

Abstact Will be explaining the differences between criminologists, criminalists and forensic psychologists and their areas of study, also the differences between white and blue collar crime and the differences between index I and index II crimes and how they are classified.

Defining Different Crimes Criminologists examine all aspects of crime and develop ways to prevent criminal behavior and reduce recidivism. Criminologists identify patterns, looks at all types of crimes, and looks at demographics and location. Sometimes a criminologist may interview a criminal to learn and understand their mindset and what made them commit the crimes. Criminologists like to make sure that committed convicts are treated fairly in the criminal justice system. (Criminologist Career Profile, 2013). Criminalists have a background in science. Criminalists apply scientific methods and techniques to examine, and analyze evidentiary items and testify in court as his or her findings. There are five different types of criminalists: Firearms and toolmarks, which checks for scratches, and striation marks on a barrel of a gun. Trace evidence, which looks for fibers, hair, soil, paint, glass, pollen, explosives, gunshot residue, food, plastic bags, etc. DNA and Serology, finding any tissue that can be testable. Lastly, drugs, alcohol, and toxicology, which searches for powders, pill, liquids, and bodily fluids. (California Association of Criminalists, 2013). A forensic psychologist is a psychologist who offers an expert psychological opinion in a way that it impacts one of the adversarial arsenals, typically the courts. Forensic psychologists don’t just focus on criminal matters. When a forensic psychologist is at trial, they evaluate the mental status of the defendant before, during, and after the trial proceeding. Their basic rule is to the patient than to the legal system. (Role of a Forensic Psychologist at trial, 2013). White collar crime is usually committed by a higher social class and is investigated by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). It is a financially motivated nonviolent crime committed for illegally monetary gain. There are different types of white collar crime such as: Bank fraud, currency schemes, blackmail, embezzlement, bribery, environmental schemes, cellular phone fraud, extortion, computer fraud, forgery, counterfeiting, larceny, insurance fraud, etc. (The Federal Bureau of Investigation, 2013). Blue collar crimes are crimes committed out of passion, rage, or other emotions, crimes that cause injury to people or property such as, burglary, property crimes, theft, sex, assault, and drug crimes. Blue collar crimes are more likely committed by citizens of lower social class and are usually punished more rapidly and severely than white collar crimes. (Blue