September 24, 2014
Homework packet definitions
Republican Party: one of the two major political parties in the US, began in 1854.
Bloody Kansas: the term used to describe the period of violence during the settling of Kansas territory.
Compromise of 1850: a set of laws passed in the midst of fierce wrangling between groups favoring slavery and groups opposing it. It attempted to do something to both sides.
Compromise of 1820: an act of Congress (1820) by which Missouri was admitted as a slave state, Maine as a free state, and slavery was prohibited in the Louisiana Purchase north of latitude, except for Missouri.
Kansas-Nebraska Act: created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, opening new lands for settlement, and had the effect of repealing the Missouri Compromise of 1820 by allowing white male settlers in those territories to determine through popular sovereignty whether they would allow slavery within each territory.
Fort Sumter: a third system masonry sea fort located in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina. The fort is best known as the site upon which the shots that started the American Civil War were fired, at the Battle of Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861.
Anaconda Plan: plan that would impose a blockade which would eventually enable the North to control the Mississippi river.
King Cotton: Confederacy adopted a defensive strategy and attempted to secure alliances. South used the idea of giving France and Britain all the cotton they wanted in return for troops. 13th amendment: this amendment abolished slavery and involuntary servitude except as punishment for a crime.
14th amendment: was adopted on July 9, 1868 as one of the Reconstruction Amendments. The amendment addresses citizenship rights and equal protection of the laws, and was proposed in response to issues related to former slaves following the American Civil War.