Essay on dem notes

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HIST 1301
Unit #3 Study Guide
(Chapters 9-12)
Mr. Vangroll
1257300-76200AM classes are responsible for (A) essay questions
PM classes are responsible for (B) essay questions.
00AM classes are responsible for (A) essay questions
PM classes are responsible for (B) essay questions.

Chapter 9: Jacksonian Democracy
Key Terms/Dates/People:
Jacksonian Democracy, Nullification, Specie Circular, Spoils System, Trail of Tears, Whigs.
Essay Questions:
A & B) President Jackson professed to be a defender of the Constitution and democracy. Explain why you agree or disagree with this statement.
Study/ Lecture Outline:
AExpanding Democracy
1. Rising literacy rates & falling voter restrictions
2. Election of 1828
3. The Age of the Common Man
BThe Jacksonian Appeal
1. Belief in the “Common Man”
CThe Spoils System
1. Kitchen Cabinet
DIndian Removals
1. Reasons for removal
2. 1829 Georgia gold rush
3. Indian Removal Act 1830
4. Worcester v. Georgia, 1832
5. Trail of Tears
EJackson versus Calhoun
1. The Toasts
2. The Eaton Affair
FNullification Crisis
1. Tariff of Abomination
2. Calhoun’s Exposition and Protest
a. Nullification and succession
3. Threat of war
4. Clay’s Compromise Tariff of 1833
GJackson: “The bank…I will kill it!”
1. Criticism of the bank
a. Nicholas Biddle
2. Threatened the Common Man
3. Veto of the re-charter bill
4. Specie Circular Act 1836
HJacksonian Democracy
IThe Whig Party
1. Henry Clay
JPresident Martin van Buren
1. Handicapped presidency
KLog Cabin Campaign, (Election of 1840)
1. General William Henry Harrison

Chapter 10: The Making of Middle Class America
Key Terms/Dates/People:
Abolitionism, Cult of True Womanhood, Lyceums, Romanticism, Second Great Awakening, Seneca Falls Convention, Shakers, Temperance Movement, Transcendentalism.
Essay Questions:
A) Explain how and why the Second Great Awakening spurred sweeping social reform movements in America in an effort to create a more equitable and utopian like society.
B) Describe romanticism in art and how it was expressed through transcendentalism in literature.
Study/ Lecture Outline:
AAlexis de Tocqueville
1. Democracy in America
BChanging Roles of Men and Women
1. Shift from agrarian to urban society
2. Cult of True Womanhood
3. Children are heaven’s gifts
C2nd Great Awakening
1. Origins
2. Empowerment of women
3. Reform movements
DBackwoods Utopias
1. Era of Associations
2. Ann Lee and the Shakers
3. John Humphrey Noyes and the Oneida Community
4. Joseph Smith and the Mormons
EReform Movements
1. Asylum & Penal Reform
a. Dorothea Dix
2. Temperance
a. American Temperance Union, 1826
b. Nativism
3. Abolitionism
a. David Walker’s Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World, 1829
b. William Lloyd Garrison
c. Frederick Douglas
4. Women’s Rights
a. Margaret Fuller’s Women in the 19th Century
b. Susan B. Anthony, Lucretia Mott, Elizabeth Cady Stanton
c. Seneca Falls Convention
5. Education Reform
a. Lyceums
b. Democracy and public education
c. Horace Mann and the Common School Movement
d. Colleges
F Romanticism
1. Romanticism defined
2. New England Transcendentalism
3. Noted authors of the era.
4. Hudson River School
Chapter 11: Westward Expansion
Key Terms/Dates/People:
Compromise 1850, Free Soil Party, Fugitive Slave Act, Manifest Destiny, Popular Sovereignty, Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, Wilmot Proviso.
Essay Questions:
A) Describe America’s manifest destiny and how it led to the expansion of the country in the mid 1800s.
B) How did the discovery of gold in