Dementia: Alzheimer ' s Disease and Dementia Client Essay

Submitted By robkiss50
Words: 933
Pages: 4

Dementia Awareness homework

1. Understand what dementia is:

1.1- Disorder affecting various parts of brain resolving in up to aggressive behaviour, process is gradual non revisable.

- definition: Chronic and persistent disorder caused by brain disease or injury and marked by memory disorders, personality changes and impaired reasoning.

1.2- Frontal lobe- movement, emotions, interpretation, behaviour, personality, Cerebellum- balance, posture, muscle movement

Occipital lobe- vision

Temporal lobe- affect verbal and visual memory ( names, faces)

Parietal lobe- speech, special awareness, sequencing

1.3- Showing very similar symptoms, ( confusion, disillusions, memory loss, ect.) because same parts of brain are affected, but from different reason ( not mental issue, but actual mental state of mind and feel at the time)

2. Understand key features of the theoretical models of dementia:

2.1 - medical model- dependency on experts, diagnosis, treatment, denial of person hood of social context distinction between pathological and normal

2.2 - Social model- need and importance of communities and social network, interaction of biological-social as well as social- economical factors, promoting self efficiency and be useful in community.

2.3- Disability- - takes away all of you

- takes away all you love and all you value in it's own sence

- need of protection of law and rights

- safe guarding and abuse issues

- loss of control and dignity

- affects day to day living

3. the most common types of dementia and their causes:

3.1- Alzheimer disease- chemicals and structure of brain are changing leading to death of brain cells. Some period of time.

Vascular dementia- oxygen supply to brain is drastically reduced or stopped leading to death of brain cells ( stroke). Can happen at once or over period of time.

Lewy bodies dem.- spherical structures created inside of nerve cells, causing brain tissue to die off.

Fronto- temporal dem.- Protein build up in brain.

3.2-Signs and symptoms and causes: Alzheimer disease- chemicals and structure of brain are changing leading to death of brain cells. Some period of time. Causes- short therm memory loss - time/ day confusion - not recognising faces, objects, places - loss/ reduced vocabulary

Vascular dementia- oxygen supply to brain is drastically reduced or stopped leading to death of brain cells ( stroke). Can happen at once or over period of time. Causes- loss/ reduced movement - slow movement -shuffling steps - muscle weakness ( cant hold cup) - incontinence

Lewy bodies dem.- spherical structures created inside of nerve cells, causing brain tissue to die off. Causes- memory loss - problem solving loss - hallucinations - psychotic behaviour

Fronto- temporal dem.- Protein build up in brain. Causes- change of behaviour - bad behaviour - loss of boundaries - lack of empathy

3.3- risk factors:
-risk factor are factors directly/ indirectly…