Unit Title: Dementia Awareness
1,1. Although dementia is commonly thought of as memory loss, the reality is much more complex, and symptoms between the different forms of dementia can vary a great deal. Dementia symptoms can include memory loss, confusion and mood changes.
1.2The key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia are the temporal lobe, frontal lobe, parietal lobe, occipital lobe, cerebrum lobe andthe hippocampus.
1.3Depression can be mistaken for dementia because when someone is very depressed their memory can be affected and they may find it difficult to remember new information. This is similar to dementia except that someone who's depressed may be able to recall the new information after a short time whereas an Alzheimer's sufferer cannot usually do so.
2.1 The medical model focuses on the impairment as the problem and focuses on a cure, these may be dependency, restriction of choice, disempowering and devaluing individuals.
2.2 This is personal centred, focusing on the rights of the individual, in turn empowering the individual, promoting independence, giving choice and looking at what the individual is able to do.
2.3. They can forget to do the essential things that are vital. Taking medicines, hygiene and even eating are often forgotten. They can get lost or hurt and not understand what is necessary to correct a situation. Individuals cannot act in the manner of a responsible adult which is why dementia should be viewed as a disability.
3.1Alzheimer disease, Vascular dementia, Parkinson disease and Lewy body dementia.
3.2 forgetting names of people or everyday itemsloss of short term memory - forgetting what you did or were told or read a short time ago;difficulty following what people are saying or understanding relatively simple instructions and retaining them;difficulty making decisions finding people are commenting on your forgetfulness
3.3nclude advancing age, genetics family history, smoking, alcohol