As Klein (2004) stated, “Obesity is defined as the percentage of adults ages 18 and older who self-report Body Mass Index (BMI) greater than 30.0.” (p. 201). It is a condition which has an abnormal and unhealthy proportion of body fat. Also, it reduces life expectancy and increases the risk of coronary heart disease, hypertension, stroke, diabetes, and other chronic diseases.
According to Zhang (2014), “Diabetes also lowers life expectancy by up to 15 years, increases the risk of heart disease by two to four times, and is the leading cause of kidney failure, lower limb amputations, and adult-onset blindness.” (p. 56). Also, diabetes could be associated with being overweight, high blood sugar (or glucose), high blood pressure, physical inactivity, smoking, unhealthy eating habit, race, gender, age, and family history.
Hypertension As Zhang (2014) noted, “Hypertension is defined as a blood pressure reading of 140/90 or higher”. “High blood pressure if untreated, can lead to heart failure, blood vessel aneurysms, kidney failure, heart attack, stroke, and vision changes or blindness.” (p. 212). It is also associated with eating high in salt and fatty foods, high cholesterol level, smoking, drinking excessively, obesity, and physical inactivity. People who have had a stroke previously are at higher risk of developing hypertension as well. Comparison of Community to the National Health Care Market Obesity has risen to epidemic levels in the