Demonstration and Laboratory Method of Teaching in Nursing Essays

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Pages: 18

The demonstration method teaches by exhibition and explanation. Although it is sometimes used to refer all illustrative teaching, the term demonstration usually is taken to mean explanation of a process, as opposed to exemplification of the object itself. One of the advantage of demonstration is that it trains the student in the art of careful observation, a quality which is so essential to a good nurse. The demonstration method in itself is learning through observation; it uses several senses.
A second advantage of demonstration is its concrete quality. The student not only can hear the explanation, but also can see the procedure or process. As a result, the demonstration method projects a mental image in
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This sometimes necessitates review before performance. 2. All the equipments should be assembled and pretested before the demonstration takes place. This saves time and ensures that the apparatus will be in good working condition. 3. Advance knowledge : The group as well as the demonstrator should have advanced knowledge of the general procedures to be followed in demonstration., its relation to the unit and its purpose. Otherwise students’ attention will not be focused on the procedure; they will be distracted by the questions relating to the performance. To negate any possibility of such distraction, the student should receive specific instruction about everything, from the apparatus to the demonstrator and the method she will use. 4. A positive approach should be used. Emphasis should be placed on what to do, rather than what not to. 5. Everybody should have a good view of the demonstration. This necessitates that the group be fairly small in size so that everyone can be seated. 6. Running comments. The person in charge of the demonstration should accompany it with running comments relative to materials used, amounts necessary, processes taking place, and anticipated results. However the commentary should be limited to essential facts. If an actual patient is used in the demonstration, explanations and comments must be regulated accordingly. 7. The setting for the demonstration