Depression can be referred to a range of health problems that stem from the absence of positive effects such as loss of interest and enjoyment of everyday activities (NICE, 2010). It is mostly characterized by changes in mood, behavior or cognitive impairment. People suffering from depression may be categorized as either severe, which is clinically significant degree major depression and normal day to day of low moods normally known as minor depression. This assignment seeks to explore depression condition from a biopsychosocial perspective, based on a case study of a 54 years old male called James. It is estimated that 70 of the general population maybe suffering from depression at any given period of time. According to World Health Organization, 121 million people suffered from depression in 2004. Furthermore, specialists from Bethesda Public Health Institute predict that the second cause of global suffering in 2020 will be depression (WHO, 2004). Depression impacts individuals well-being and normal functioning. It affects their ability to work, manage social life and relationships within family (Nydagger, 2008). For the above mentioned reasons Allied Health Care professionals aim to detect and diagnose depression before it extends its impact on the already increased use of social services, absence from work, and health care cost on NHS. The rate of the depression seems to be increasing generation after generation and it takes over one million lives every year. Depression is recognized as a public Health problem, especially late life depression (Tiemeier, 2003). The most vulnerable are older adults, which very often go undiagnosed and untreated for reasons that symptoms displayed by them are presumed for signs of aging. There are two main worldwide diagnostic criteria often used for assessing depression. The World Health Organization uses the International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problem (ICD-10) tool and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) by American Psychiatric Association (APA). On the generic bases, the onset of depression is determined by genetic, behavioral and environmental factors. Some of the major presentation of depression includes emotional, motivational behavioral, cognitive or somatic symptoms, such as tearfulness, irritability, social withdrawal, sadness, little pleasure, feeling fatigue. At certain times also anxiety, anger and agitation. However not every individual will present the same symptoms (Haddad Gunn 2011). Depending on the severity of the illness, it can either be diagnosed as major depressive episode or Dysthymic disorder. According to the DSMIV, a major depression episode can disable an individual from two weeks to six months. It can be described as single episode, catatonic, recurrent, seasonal, postpartum and loss of interest in pleasurable events. People with recurrent depression may experience it several times in their life and can immobilize the individual (Haddad and Gunn, 2011). On the other hand, dysthymic depression disorder presents fewer of the symptoms of depression. It may last for about two years but can also lead to major depression. Some individuals may also experience a minor depression which may last for two weeks or more. It can also lead to major depression if not treated. On the other hand, an individual may have some form of distorted brain function in addition to depression. This may be deemed as psychotic. Normally it is characterized with delusions and hallucinations (Parker et al., 1997). When directly linked to the case study, James was diagnosed with moderate depression. James lived alone. He used to visit his sister and attend pub quiz which is the only social life he has after losing job. After redundancy James might have accumulated a level of loneliness. Research has shown that, people who are alone or who experience different kind of loss, maybe be prone to depression (Bowlby, 1980). There are studies to
Win Or Lose
Stressed or Stress
By Linda Mcfadden
What is depression ?
Depression, also known as major
depression, clinical depression or
major depressive disorder is a
medical illness that causes a
constant feeling of sadness and
lack of interest.Depression affects
how the person feel,behaves and
What are symptoms of depression?
● A constant feeling of sadness, anxiety, and emptiness.
● Sleep patterns are disturbed the person may sleep too
April 6, 2015
Did you know that one in ten Americans will suffer from depression at one point in their life? Over 80% of people suffering from symptoms of depression are not receiving treatments. (Healthline, 2005-2015). Many people are uneducated on the topic of depression. Some people would say that discussing depression is morbid. Nothing happy comes to mind when thinking about the meaning of depression. More…
There are two types of mood disorders I will be discussing, unipolar depression and bipolar. With each mood disorder there are very specific symptoms that can distinguish which disorder a person may be diagnosed with. After diagnosing the disorder, there are several types of treatments that can help a person live a more functional life. Understanding the symptoms to a disorder will be the key to getting help.
There are different symptoms of unipolar…
The Great Depression
The Great Depression was a big tragedy that left a lot of Americans out of work and
hungry. It affected many people’s lives and a lot of people suffered and even died. The
depression lasted roughly 12 years. Many believe that the Federal Reserve Board had many
failed policies. They caused a shrinking of the money supply that made economic conditions
worse. The stock market crash on October 29, 1929 signified the beginning of the depression and
lasted until 1941…
Fernando Brandão de Braga
1- Depression is becoming an increasing problem for many people. What are three causes of depression in adults?
Have you ever being in such a dark place which you couldn't get out? Have you ever had your heart broken, or even lost someone close whose presence and caring were so deeply important that everything looked gray and in slow motion? Try to remember that deep, strong and devastating feeling of nothingness, loneliness that can reap and torn one's mind and heart.…
Chapter 21 Section 1: Causes of the Depression
SPECULATION- Too much money was being poured into stock speculation
BLACK TUESDAY- They day the stock market crashed
GREAT DEPRESSION- A period lasting from 1929-1941 in which the economy faltered and unemployment soared
HAWLEY-SMOOT TARIFF- Raised prices on foreign imports
Republican leaders exuded confidence about both their part and their country. The Roaring Twenties had been a Republican decade. Once in office, Presidents watched…
April 12, 2015
There are many people around the world suffering from some form of depression, and they are completely unaware that they have a condition that can be treated. Accepting the fact that there may be an underlying issue behind all the extreme highs and lows that never seem to fade away is half the battle. However, unipolar and bipolar disorders are similar yet remarkably different from most of the depression disorders. The unipolar…
The Great Depression was a very complicated economic depression which had many factors contributing to it. To pinpoint the exact causes of the Great Depression is so complicated because all the factors relied on each other. When one thing went wrong, other things were soon to follow. Over production and under consumption, the stock market speculation, and the inequity of wealth distribution would be considered majors causes that led to the Great Depression.
The over production and under consumption…
Postpartum depression is a form of depression that occurs after childbirth and affects approximately 10% of women of childbearing age. Postpartum depression can be caused by the extreme drop in a woman’s hormone levels that occur after the delivery of a child. There are different degrees of postpartum depression from baby blues to postpartum psychosis. If left untreated, the disorder can have serious adverse effects on the mother and her relationship with significant others, and on the child's…
Conquer That Black Cloud
Many people know someone who has or has had depression. Roughly 10 percent of the United States adult population battles with depression in any given year (Murray and Fortinberry 2005). It is also the fourth leading cause of health problems in the world Xiang 2010). In the field of psychology, there are many perspectives that explain how depression is caused and how it should be treated. One perspective, the biological perspective, focuses on genetics and the brain…