America’s society had an extreme change for the worst during the 1920s. After World War One, Americans began to practice nativism. Nativism is the policy of protecting the interests of Native- born or established inhabitants against those of immigrants. America also began to establish fear for immigrants or xenophobia. They began to feel this way when America turned to domestic isolation and social conservatism due to the “Red Scare”. Many Americans were scared of the communists because the Bolshevik Revolution where communists had overthrown the royal family in Russia in 1917. The nineteen twenties also brought about change in women. Women began feel liberation due to more opportunities in the work force and due to the reemergence of birth control. Due to prohibition getting passed into law, people were making and selling alcohol illegally. There were underground bars called speakeasies. The young women were referred to as flappers, and they used to go to the speakeasies as means of entertainment. The industry was booming, factories produced goods such as cars and radios at rates not seen before, and it was said that between 1919 and 1929, the productivity rate of a single worker had increased more than 30 percent. America’s economy was very top-heavy during the 1920s, however, with the top 1 percent of the population owning approximately 40 percent of the nation’s wealth. Many of America’s millionaires owned their wealth in various degrees to the stock market frenzy. Stock prices began to decline in September and early October 1929, and on October 18 the fall began. Panic set in, and on October 24, a record 12,894,650 shares were traded. Investment companies and leading bankers attempted to stabilize the market by buying up great blocks of stock, producing a moderate rally on Friday. On Monday, however, the storm broke anew, and the market went into free fall. Black Monday was followed by Black Tuesday, in which stock prices collapsed completely. Overall, prices continued to drop as the United States slumped into the Great Depression. By 1932, stocks were worth only about 20 percent of their value in the summer of 1929. The stock market crash of 1929 was not the sole cause of the Great Depression, but it did act to accelerate the global economic collapse of which it was also a symptom. By 1933, nearly half of America’s banks had failed, and unemployment was approaching 15 million people, or 30 percent of the workforce. The Great Depression was mainly caused by overproduction by farmers, availability of easy credit, and unequal distribution of income. During the First World War, US farmers had made record profits. They had been able to supply Britain and France with food and on a regular basis. Britain helped on imports of foreign food to feed its population and when the Germans began to sink merchant ships in 1917, food supplies became even more important, but farming didn’t do well in the 1920s. US agriculture had expanded during the First World War to sell food to Europe, but afterwards, countries returned to growing their own grain. This led to farmers to over-produce and it was too much food on the market. Farmers found it more and more difficult to sell their produce. Despite agricultural overproduction and successive attempts in Congress to provide relief, the agricultural economy of the 1920s experienced an ongoing depression. Large surpluses were accompanied by falling prices at a time when American farmers were burdened by heavy debt. Between 1920 and 1932, one in four farms was sold to meet financial obligations and many farmers migrated to urban areas. With 1/5 of the American population making their living on the land, rural poverty was widespread. So, not all farmers were able to participate fully in the emergent consumer economy in America. Apart from white farmers, African-American and immigrants found this decade rough. Therefore, farmers had to over produce in order to make some form of profit, which
U.S History II – DBQ
During the Roaring Twenties, Americans were prosperous when it came to living in society. Then something rather unfortunate happened. The Great Depression hit the world in shock depriving the world of all its joy and happiness. America experienced great global events. From the end of World War I in 1918 to the Roaring Twenties, straight to the Great Depression in 1929, into the beginning of World War II in 1939, and all the way to…
The Great Depression was a time period (1929-1939) of economic turmoil that occurred on what was forever known as, Black Tuesday. After the stock market crash, unemployment and poverty spread to almost every American family, businesses had to lay off workers, and the industrial output soon declined. Two long term causes of the Great Depression were the Dust Bowl and bank failures. The Dust Bowl was a drought that left acres of farmland overworked and useless. Many farmers were left unemployed thereafter…
The stock market crash of 1929 set in motion a chain of events that would plunge the
United States into a deep depression. The Great Depression of the 1930's spelled the end of an
era of economic prosperity during the 1920's. Herbert Hoover was the unlucky president to
preside over this economic downturn, and he bore the brunt of the blame for the depression. He
attempted many a reforms and public works to turn the situation around, but companies were
reluctant and the unemployment rate continued to plummet…
known as the Great Depression. Prior to the Great Depression it was known as the Roaring Twenties. During this era the total wealth doubled, this meant that people from coast to coast were buying the same goods. Americans were listening to same music, using the same slang and even dancing the same; but this all changed on October, 29, 1929. Everything that the American knew was gone, their pursuit of happiness, life, and liberty was stripped away from them. The Great Depression was caused by the crash…
Although the United States has experienced depressions both long before and after, none have ever compared to The Great Depression. The Great Depression continues to be seen as the longest-lasting and most destructive depression in American history. Beginning shortly after the “Great Crash” of the stock market in 1929 and lasting until the start of World War II, the population of the United States would be living through these miserable circumstances for a decade. During the time America saw an overwhelming…
The Great Depression was a major event for the United States. It lasted for about a decade, from 1929 to 1939 and affected 95% of Americans. The Great Depression was caused by installment buying, speculation in the stock market, and unemployment.
Installment buying was one of the early causes of the Great Depression. Installment buying is purchasing an item over a period of time and paying it back in periodic payments. As stated in document 6, 60% of automobiles were bought on an installment plan…
DBQ: (Form A)
1. Analyze the international and domestic challenges the United States faced between 1968 and 1974, and evaluate how President Richard Nixon’s administration responded to them.
1. Explain the ways that participation in political campaigns and elections in the United States changed between 1815 and 1840, and analyze forces and events that led to these changes.
DBQ: (Form A)
1. In what ways did ideas and values held by Puritans influence the political…
following: the degree to which they fully and directly answer the question, the strength of thesis statement, level and effectiveness of analysis, amount and quality of supporting evidence, and organizational quality. In addition to these standards, DBQs are graded on the basis of the degree to which a significant number of the documents have been used to support the thesis, and the amount and quality of outside information included in the response.
APUSH DBQ 11
The key areas that have defined the United States since its creation were
business, industry, and trade. After all, people first began settling in the United States
looking for new opportunities. The industrial North, although different in many ways,
worked with agrarian South in the early start of the creation of America, building up to
an eventual worldclass, top economy based on the foundations of trade and business.
Even though the American economy experienced ups and downs…
Franklin D Roosevelt and his administration maximized their effectiveness & changed
the role of the federal government through expansion and stimulation in response to the Great
Depression. A majority of republicans however had general negativity to Roosevelt's new deal
in the beginning but over time respected the administration for its works and it's ability to
carry out its mode of action. Not everyone was a part of the relief or reform however it saved…