Depression The Mayo Clinic Staff (2012) defined depression as “a medical illness that causes persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest”. Depression can affect all aspects of a person’s life. Their work activity can start declining, friends and family can start to disappear, and physical health can change. Depression affects how a person feels, thinks, and behaves on a day-to-day basis. Depression can make someone feel that life is no longer worth living. It can make doing daily activities hard. Depression is a very serious illness. Contrary as to what some people think, it is not something a person can just snap out of, it requires long-term treatment. Symptoms of depression can range from emotional to physical to mental. The Mayo Clinic Staff (2012) listed some symptoms of depression. Some of these include: feelings of unhappiness or sadness, irritability or frustration, loss of interest, changes in appetite, slowed thinking, speaking, or body movements, fatigue, frequent thoughts of suicide, and crying spells for no reason. The symptoms of depression can be different for everyone. Some factors that change the symptoms are age, gender, and cultural backgrounds. There is no specific cause of depression but researchers have found a variety of risk factors that are known to increase the risk of depression. The Mayo Clinic Staff (2012) listed some of these as: having biological relatives with depression, being female, early childhood trauma, experiencing stressful life events, having a serious illness, abusing alcohol or drugs, and having low self esteem. The most popular treatments for depression are medications and long term psychological counseling. One social determinant of health that can greatly affect a person and cause them to go into a state of depression is stress. Stress can be defined as anything that poses a threat to our well being. We generally use this word when we feel like everything in our life is becoming too much to handle. Everyone at some point or another experiences stress, but some people can handle it better than others. Stress can cause some people great harm because they do not know how to go about handling it. It can cause someone to go into depression because they feel that life is never going to get better. Their depression could get worse if the person feels they do not have the right social support, another social determinant of health. Social support is the help and encouragement one gets from their friends and family members. If someone feels they do not have any social support it can make them feel alone and depressed because they think they have no one there for them. When someone is going through a tremendous amount of stress having good social support can help bring them through it. If someone feels as no one is there for them it can be very detrimental to their mental and emotional health and it can cause them to become depressed. Stress definitely plays a huge role in the life of a college student. With everything a college student has to balance between school work and actual work and their social life, it can be a bit much to handle. It can get really stressful sometimes. Having social support is really helpful when dealing with this stress.
-Related to the findings on Type A personality
- Cynical and antagonistic hostility increases risk of heart disease
-Depression is the “common cold” of psychological disorders. In a year, 5.8% of men and 9.5% of women report depression worldwide.
- Related to lower immune functioning
- Increased mortality risk
Symptoms of depression
-Reduced interest in almost all activities
-Significant weight gain or loss, without dieting
richer network of friends and social support.
show more flexibility and ingenuity in their thinking.
are more productive in their jobs.
are more effective leaders.
earn more money.
are more resilient in the face of hardship.
have stronger immune systems.
4. Discuss the evidence for variability in happiness due to
Young adult future stress
Middle age empty nest
Old age loneliness
Women more vulnerable to depression and anxiety
Men more vulnerable…
Chapter 8B notes
I. Theories of Emotion
a. Emotion - a response of the whole organism involving physiological arousal, expressive behaviors, and conscious experience.
b. Catharsis – emotional release. They catharsis hypothesis maintains that releasing aggressive energy through action or fantasy relieves aggressive urges.
c. Emotions = physiological arousal + expressive behaviors + conscious experience
d. Controversies: order of arousal, conscious experience and cognition
In this essay I will discuss what grief is and the kind of grief a client could experience. We will move onto attachment theory and its link as to why we grieve. I will then look at what tools are available for counsellors to support their clients through a normal or abnormal grieving process.
Grief, Loss and Change
A grief process can be kicked off by…
safety aids or strategies
Etiological explanations – biological, social, and psychological influences
Biological: genes, polygenetic causes: multiple types of genes; depleted levels of GABA; learning and memory; prepared learning
Social: modeling; stressful life experiences
Psychological: cognitions- what you think; high self-esteem; control
Comorbid disorders: co-occur with other anxiety disorders; mood disorders, depression, medical conditions
Generalized Anxiety Disorder:
and bipolar disorders is depression. A mood emotion and disorder of depression affects many individuals and is one of the highest health conditions most Americans suffer. “Depression is a low, sad state in which life seems dark and its challenges overwhelming,” (Comer, 2006). “Bipolar disorder occurs in both men and women. About 5.7 million people in the United States have the disorder,” (Mara Aloi, 2012).
Stress may be the strongest symptom to bring about depression. Bipolar disorder is an…
bodies. Here is a list of the computer set-up related causes:
• Awkward and poor posture
• Repetitive motions and tasks
• Forceful movements
• Poor workplace set-up
• Sitting in same posture for continuous long hours
• Lower back and /or leg support is inadequate
• Poor lighting
• Documents and monitor screen not at same angle and plane
• Keyboard and computer mouse not at same angle and plane
Solving computer-related ergonomic problems is all about postural education, postural adjustment…
Alarm- hypersensitive, something’s not right
Resistance- I should fight this stress
Exhaustion-emotional or physical
Serotonin plays role in mood
Main neurotransmitter implicated in depression
Factors that affect stress response
Perception, spirituality, social relationships, etc
Effective stress busters
Burns off agitation and stress/anxiety
Decrease or cessation of caffeine intake
Soft, relaxing, soothing music
Throughout the history of American music, there has been a long-existing
tradition of expressing political viewpoint and suggesting changes to political and social situations. These songs, often made by people in disadvantaged position, allow powerless people to be visible, urge them to speak out for their rights, and stimulate the speed of social development. However, we do not seem to hear a lot of this type of songs today; we do not have many Aunt Molly Jackson or Woody Guthrie or Bob Dylan who include…
Some other offers to help is ‘Social Anxiety’ which is a fear of being negatively judged or evaluated by others and lastly ‘Body Dimorphic Disorder’. An anxiety disorder that involves excessive preoccupation with their self appearance, worrying about an imagined defect or blowing out of proportion a slight flaw in his/she appearance.
Mental Health Disorders
Depression service name – Talking Minds – Depression Treatment Sydney
Depression location – Suite 74, Level 4,