If you suffer from anxiety disorder, you are more than likely going to suffer from a mood disorder. Mood disorders are disturbances in emotional behavior that prevent people from functioning effectively throughout their every day lives. One mood disorder is major depressive disorder, or depression. Depression is characterized by lack of motivation, low energy, and feelings of guilt or worthlessness. There is also a milder but longer lasting form of depression called dysthymia. The symptoms are all the same as major depressive disorder but they are less intense. Depression can happen to anyone, children, teens and adults. It is a life-altering change in behavior followed by a lack of desire to do much of anything. Symptoms of depression in children and teens are sadness, irritability, and hopelessness. Also, schoolwork may suffer in children who are depressed. Symptoms of depression in adults can be less obvious. People may feel dissatisfied with life in general, bored, or helpless. In older adults, depression may go undiagnosed because of symptoms like fatigue, loss of appetite, sleep problems, or loss of interest in sex that may seem to be caused by other illnesses. There are a lot of factors that can cause depression. Abuse, genetics, death or loss, substance abuse, certain medications, conflict, and serious illnesses are all causes that can lead to depression. For example: certain medications that are used to treat high blood pressure, such as beta-blockers, can increase your risk of depression. Depressed people are at a higher risk of committing suicide. Not all people are equally at risk for suicide. In 2007, men were 4 times as likely to commit suicide as women, although more women committed suicide. Race also matters when dealing with suicide. European Americans are twice as likely to commit suicide as African, Asian, and Hispanic Americans. Age was once a big factor in suicide. The elderly are most likely to carry out suicide, but more recently age has not mattered much. For example, in 1950 those who were 65 and older were 5 times more likely to commit suicide than 20-24 year old, but by 1980 the age groups had nearly the same rates of suicide. Since 2000, suicide rates for both age groups nearly had the same rates of suicide. The kind of depression treatment that’s best for you depends on the type of depression you have. For example, some patients with clinical depression are treated with psychotherapy, and some are prescribed antidepressants. Other people who don’t want to do standard depression treatments may try brain stimulation techniques such as electroshock therapy, transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), or vagus nerve stimulation (VNS). Depression drugs can lift your mood and ease the sadness or hopelessness that you feel. Three chemical messengers are involved with depression. The three chemical messengers are norepinephrine, serotonin, and dopamine, which are neurotransmitters. Neurotransmitters transmit electrical signals between brain cells. Researchers have found a link between chemical imbalance in brain chemicals and depression. Antidepressant medications change the sensitivity of the receptors for chemical messengers. Modifying these brain chemicals can help improve your mood. They affect the natural occurring chemicals in your brain. There are many types of antidepressants. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are safer and cause fewer side effects. The most common side effects are decreased sexual desire and delayed orgasm. Serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) can
even article on Depression
According to the CNN Health article titles Depression (Major depression) “Depression is a medical illness that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest. Depression can cause physical symptoms, too. The CNN article emphasis on Major depressive disorder, which is a type of Chronic depression. Major depression disorder affects the way one feels, behaves and thinks. People with Depression have trouble doing normal activities. Depression can lead to mental…
Depression is generally thought of as having feelings of sadness and hopelessness from time to time. However, Major Depressive Disorder, is a debilitating mental disorder characterised by feelings of low mood and aversion to activities that they person may have gained pleasure from before. Key signs or symptoms are changes in mood, thinking, behavior and physical changes and usually accompanies changes in either eating too little/ overeating, sleeping too much/insomnia, fatigue, loss of energy, problems…
The reason that I am writing this paper about antidepressants is that depression has
long been a major part of my life. It has plagued my family and I for as long as I can remember,
whether it be clinical, stress related, or any of a litany of other factors. I can look at my family
and friends and see all different levels of depression. I know that it can be very disheartening to
live a life of melancholy because I, myself, have lived with depression and anxiety for many
years. I have had several recomme…
This essay will be looking at unipolar depression, its symptoms, diagnosis and will also be looking at biological and psychological evaluations and treatments for the condition.
Unipolar affects five per cent of the population and is more prevalent in women than in men. There are a range of symptoms for unipolar depression these symptoms include; a depressed mood most of the day, diminished ability to think or concentrate, markedly diminished interest or pleasure in almost…
* Patients are viewed with more sympathy
* Less ostracized & feared
Deviance- Behavior not accepted by society
Maladaptive Behavior- Impairment of every- day adaptive behavior
Personal Distress- Depression, anxiety or feelings of hopelessness
Classification of Disorders
1952 – APA unveils the DSM (Diagnostic & Statistical Manual)
1980 – DSM III introduces multiaxial system of classification
1994 – DSM – IV (current version)…
disorders (e.g., schizophrenia, schizo-affective disorder), are present.
According to the DSM IV-TR (2000) when major depressive episodes occur in patients with no history of manic, hypomanic or mixed episodes, major depression may be diagnosed. The diagnosis of an episode of major depression requires that symptoms must be severe enough to cause distress or impairment in function and last…
negative side effects are dizziness, slowed movements, and sleepiness. Long use of psychiatric drugs can increase risk for a movement disorder called tardive dyskinesia.
Affective disorders, which include depression and mania, are a form of affective disease. Mania is the opposite of depression, and instead of a person feeling down , they tend to have high energy and overconfidence. When a person experiences the two together this is known as bipolar affective disorder. These disorders are proof…
Teratogenic Effects Caused By Prenatal Exposure to Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors
By: Nick Denney
There is a natural, almost unavoidable risk associated with pregnancy: virtually everything the mother does will have some sort of effect on the developing child. The prenatal environment is very sensitive, and highly susceptible to external influences. Anything that the mother takes in, be it beneficial or not, will have an impact on the overall health of the child once it enters the world…
term for the many different forms and variations of common psychiatric disorders. The term anxiety disorder can be divided into three different disorders, those being panic disorders, social phobia, and generalized anxiety disorder. ("Anxiety and depression" ) Each one of these is different from the other and must be dealt with differently as well.
General anxiety disorder is characterized by extreme worry. The amount of worry that the individual has is not appropriate for the actual reasoning behind…
One of the scariest emotional experiences a person can ever suffer during their lifetime is to experience a form of depression. Depression is defined as an illness; the feelings of depression persist and interfere with the ability to function. It can be a very difficult and painful experience that affects not only the individual suffering from it, but also the people around them. People who are depressed do not like to do the things they usually love to do. There is a major difference…