Essay on Describe the Expected Pattern of Children and Young People's Development from Birth to 19 Years

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Pages: 7

1.1 Describe the expected pattern of children and young people's development from birth to 19 years.


Recognise mothers voice and smell

Able to cry to let everyone know they need help

Actively learning through touch, taste and hearing

Swallowing and sucking reflexes- ensuring that babies can feed and swallow milk

Rooting reflex- babies move their head to look for a nipple or teat if the cheek and mouth are touched, helping the babies to find milk

Grasp reflex- automatically putting fingers around an object that has touched palm of hand

Startle reflex- when babies hear a sudden sound or see a bright light, they move their arms outwards, and clenching their fists

Walking and
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Language is starting to develop more quickly, and some children are starting to use sentences while others are putting two words together to express ideas

Children's developing physical skills combined with their determination can mean they will go to extremes to get hold of an object, ie; standing on tables, moving chairs etc..

Playing more with other children of their own age, or playing alongside others

Pretend playing and play with small words becomes popular, along with tricycles, slides and climbing frames

Still wanting adult attention and enjoy snuggling up for cuddles, and helping adults

Separation from parents can still be difficult unless they know who they are staying with

Toilet training may start, and with the children who are ready, they can be out of nappies within a few days

Copying other children's actions

Turning pages in books and pointing out objects

3 years;

Able to use the toilet

Enjoy dressing up and playing with small world toys

Keen to help and copy adults

Interested in other children and some co-operative play

Able to walk on alternate feet

Interested in mark making, painting and books

Enjoyment in sand and water play

Speech that adults who do not know the child can understand

4 years;

Children who are settled into a routine of a setting are able to separate from their parents easily

Co-operative play