Social, Emotional and behavioral Development
Communication and Language Development
Learning and intellectual Development
New born babies will quickly develop life saving skill's such as sucking and grasping. Eventually they should gain control over their own bodies, i.e. holding their head up, rolling over and sitting up. Eventually they should begin to crawl and walk.
By the age of 3 most children will be able to use their voice to ask for things and express themselves. They might be able to use cutlery and cups in order to feed themselves, they will be able to pick up and control crayons, they will be walking and running more confidently, they will engage in role play and they will enjoy exploring new toys such as bikes and scooters.
Babies will develop their first emotional attachments with their parents or the family/carer's closest to them. Within the first few months of a child's life this emotional attachment will grow in to a very strong bond, this bond will make the child feel safe and emotionally at ease.
When the child is 12 months they may start to become more independent in knowing what they want and they will find ways of expressing this emotionally, ie throwing a tantrum, crying giddiness... By 3 the child will still be developing their identities, they will start to enjoy using imaginative play and socialising with their peers.
It is important that babies are spoken to and stimulated with verbal communication from birth. Even though they do not yet understand what is being said they will enjoy listening to people speaking and singing to them. From the earliest stages babies need to feel stimulated and have an interest shown in them, if this is the case then they will usually start to try to talk from about 12 months old using single familiar words.
By the age of 3 a child will start to put familiar words together trying to pronounce a sentence, although there might be slight grammar mistakes the sentence will be recognisable.
Babies from 3 months will start to become visually alert and start to follow what interest them around a room with their eyes and head. They will start to show eagerness when offered something they want like milk etc.. They will express excitement when hearing familiar voices.
Babies will start to notice their body parts like hands and feet and will start to experiment to see what they can do with them. Eventually they will start to use their palmer grasp (whole hand) to pick things up, they might put these things in their mouth to experiment further. Eventually before the child is 1 they will start to use their pincer grip (forefinger and thumb) to pick things up. They will enjoy the sound of objects banging together or falling from a height. Babies will enjoy repetitive activity.
By 3 a child should be talking quite well, putting sentences together although not always correctly. They will understand what people are saying to them and will start to answer simple questions. They will be able to identify themselves on a photograph. They will be able to count and recognise colors with some mistakes. They will enjoy painting and coloring and although they wont produce a recognisable picture they might tell you what it is supposed to be when they have finished. They might copy and recognise simple shapes and letters. They will remember words to nursery rhymes/songs and will enjoy singing them.
By the age of 4 most children will be carrying out more coordinated movements and will be developing their fine motor skills by putting together jigsaws, stacking bricks, using scissors, pens etc - these skills will help them to grow in confidence.
By the age of 7 the child will be refining and perfecting the skills developed so far, there confidence will grow in activities such as writing, running, hopping, balancing, kicking and throwing, and using larger equipment.
By the age of 4 a child will start to understand boundaries and start to learn right…