Diabetes is one of the most common diseases in the U.S. There are two types of diabetes, Type 1 and Type 2. With Type 1 diabetes, your main problem is your body’s inability to produce insulin- the all-important hormone that converts blood sugar to energy. Without insulin, glucose will only continuously build up in your system. Type 1 diabetes involves about 10% of all people with diabetes in the United States. Type 1 diabetes is typically diagnosed during childhood or adolescence. It used to be referred to as juvenile-onset diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. It can occur in an older individual due to destruction of the pancreas by alcohol, disease, or removal by surgery. It also results from progressive failure of the pancreatic beta cells, the only cell type that produces significant amounts of insulin. People with type 1 diabetes require insulin treatment daily to sustain life. There is no cure for this type. With Type 2 diabetes, your body is able to produce insulin but only in adequate amounts. And if it is inadequate, your body is unable to make use of it completely and effectively. Although the pancreas still secretes insulin, the body of someone with type 2 diabetes is partially or completely unable to use this insulin. This is sometimes referred to as insulin resistance. The pancreas tries to overcome this resistance by secreting more and more insulin. People with insulin resistance develop type 2 when they fail to secrete enough insulin to cope with their higher demands. At least 90% of adult individuals with diabetes have type 2 diabetes. It is typically diagnosed in adulthood, usually after age 45 years. It used to be called adult-onset diabetes mellitus, or non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. These names are no longer used because type 2 does occur in younger people, and some people with type 2 diabetes require insulin therapy. Type 2 is usually controlled with diet, weight loss, exercise, and oral medications. However, more than half of all people with type 2 diabetes require insulin to control their blood sugar levels at some point in the course of their illness. If someone suspects they have diabetes there are some symptoms. Hunger can be one, if you’re eating enough or even more than what you need, but you still end up feeling hungry. This is because the glucose coming from the food you eat isn't being converted to energy. As such, your system will still feel starved even if you've eaten enough for an army. Also high glucose level in your blood reduces fluid volume, which consequently make you feel thirstier more often. And of course, increased thirst will generally lead to increased frequency in urination. Going back to the unsuccessful conversion of blood sugar into energy, muscle tissues and fats won't be able to bulk up. The longer they're deprived of energy, the more they'll shrink in size. It's not surprising for diabetics suffering from insulin deficiency to suddenly experience rapid and excessive weight loss. Other symptoms are fatigue and blurry vision. Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes ultimately lead to high blood sugar levels, a condition called hyperglycemia. Over a long period of time, hyperglycemia damages the retina of the eye, the blood vessels of the kidneys, the nerves, and other blood vessels. Hypoglycemia or low blood sugar occurs
What tests are performed?
Diabetes is diagnosed with the following blood tests:
* Fasting blood glucose level -- diabetes is diagnosed if it is higher than 126 mg/dL two times
* Random (nonfasting) blood glucose level -- you may have diabetes if it is higher than 200 mg/dL, and you have symptoms such as increased thirst, urination, and fatigue (this must be confirmed with a fasting test)
* Oral glucose tolerance test -- diabetes is diagnosed if the glucose level is higher than 200…
Diabetes Mellitus is leading cause of hyperglycemia. Without proper treatment increased glucose level could lead to many post operational complications. Most of these complications can be avoided with blood glucose control. Continuous insulin infusion is best way to keep Glucose level within normal limits. Many factors could increase blood glucose level, thus it is important that all health care workers contribute to developing treatment (glucose control) plan for each patient.…
diabetes.org Diabetes has changed drastically over the years. There are more people suffering from Type 2 than ever before. However, the treatment of Diabetes has improved. Today we have advanced blood tests and more efficient ways of delivering insulin, such as pumps that replace the need for constant injections.
Currently there are over 25 million people in the United States alone that suffer from a form of Diabetes. 7 million people out of that 25 million are living with Diabetes and are undiagnosed…
Type 1 Diabetes (Juvenile Diabetes)
It is a parent’s greatest fear for their child to become sick. Almost 16 years ago, my daughter at the age of seven became very sick, very suddenly. I will never forget, it was the day before Halloween and she had to be picked up from school. As soon as I saw her the fear came over me; I knew something was very wrong. Little did I know she had been stricken with a disease that would affect the rest of her life. The doctor diagnosed it before he even examined her…
What is your role in diabetes education?
My role involves educating clients with diabetes on how their diabetes affects their feet and wound healing.
Monitoring their blood sugar levels, checking their blood sugar levels during their consult if they feel like
they are having a hypo, and providing a oral glucose syrup to elevate the sugars if required. Providing
clinical handover to the emergency department if my clients sugars do not begin to improve and/or they
Diabetes: Writing Assignment #2
Unfortunately in today’s society diabetes is increasing in occurrence every day, with the increased population of overweight people and the lifestyles that we Americans live. Type 1 diabetes was previously known as Juvenile diabetes. This type is usually diagnosed during childhood or in the young adult stage of life. In this case the body fails to produce any insulin at all and leaves the body unable to function appropriately. Type 2 diabetes…
1. Identify the cause of the disease or deficiency. If it is caused by a virus or bacteria, provide the scientific name.
-Type 2 diabetes develops when the body becomes resistant to insulin or when the pancreas stops producing enough insulin. Exactly why this happens is unknown, although genetics and environmental factors, such as excess weight and not exercising, seem to be contributing factors.
2. List all the parts of the body affected by the disease.
-Type II diabetes affects…
J. Raphael Barnes
Gestational Diabetes occurs in pregnant mothers with retention of sugar or Hyperglycemia. This condition may lead to difficulties and other disorders if left untreated. In addition to complications for the mother, the developing fetus will also experience issues if the mother has hyperglycemia up to and including death of the fetus and mother.
What is Gestational Diabetes?
Diabetes is caused when the body experiences…
DIABETIC TEACHING PLAN
Teaching/learning methods used:
* Individual Instruction * Visual aids
* Return demonstration * Reinforce teaching
* Group discussion * Questions and Answers
Topic(s) on Diabetes: (Do not select more than two topics).
1. What is Diabetes? (include Type I and Type II)
2. Oral Anti -Diabetic Medications
3. Insulin administration and Storage
4. Diet instructions…