Diabetes (Mellitus) Essay example

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Words: 2339
Pages: 10

Diabetes, Diet, and Exercise
Patti Dearman Chotto
Tulane Continuing Studies
Mark Maneval
May 1, 2013

Abstract
Diabetes Mellitus (also known as Sugar diabetes) is a disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin; it is a hormone that is needed to change sugar, starches and other food into energy needed for everyday life. As a result, the body collects extra sugar in blood and discharges sugar in urine; Accumulated sugar in the body for too long results in damage to the vital organs of the body such as eyes, kidneys and heart. There are three types of diabetes type 1, type 2, and Gestational diabetes. Diabetes type1, in which the body does not make insulin, occurs in five to ten percent of all diagnosed cases and have to take insulin for the rest of their lives, Type 2 in which the body does not make or use insulin well and accounts for 90 to 95 percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes and usually take pills or insulin, and Gestational Diabetes which develops during pregnancy usually around the twenty-fourth week. It affects about seven percent of all pregnancies. Type 2 is nearing epidemic proportions in the United States as a result of a greater prevalence of obesity. “Diabetes is the fastest-growing disease and the fifth leading cause of death by disease in the United States. Diabetes is one of the only diseases where your food plays an important role in the treatment. A healthier life-style could prevent you from getting diabetes and help control diabetes for those who have it. The good thing about type 2 diabetes is it can be put into complete remission through healthy lifestyle changes. Healthier lifestyles include Monitoring your blood sugar, Healthy diet which includes an intake of whole grain foods such as fruits and vegetables and eliminate most starches and sugars and exercising at least three days a week for thirty minutes or more. Exercise plays a major role in controlling diabetes as well as your diet. My interest in this topic was because my boyfriend has diabetes type 2 and just recently was hospitalized for his high blood sugar levels and it also runs in my family and I want us to start living a healthier lifestyle and making positive changes in our lives. Really enjoyed this class and you are an “AWESOME COACH”. Diabetes Mellitus (also known as Sugar diabetes) is a disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin; it is a hormone that is needed to change sugar, starches and other food into energy needed for everyday life. As a result, the body collects extra sugar in blood and discharges sugar in urine; accumulated sugar in the body for too long results in damage to the vital organs of the body such as heart, eyes, and kidneys. There are three types of diabetes type 1, type 2, and Gestational diabetes. Type 1diabetes, previously called insulin-dependent or juvenile onset diabetes, in which the body does not make insulin, occurs in five to ten percent of all diagnosed cases. People with type 1 need to take insulin for the rest of their lives. Type 1 diabetes may occur at any age. However, it is most often diagnosed in children, adolescents, or young adults. The cause is unknown. Most likely it is an autoimmune disorder and it is hereditary. Symptoms include excessive thirst, excessive hungry, fatigued, blurred vision, tingling in your feet, decreased weight, and frequent urination. Type 2diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. Millions of Americans have been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, and many more are unaware they are at high risk. Type 2 Diabetes long ago was called non-insulin-dependent or adult – onset diabetes in which the body does not make or use insulin well. It accounts for 90 to 95 percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. It is being diagnosed in more and more children and adolescents. People with type 2 usually take pills or insulin. Last is Gestational Diabetes which develops during pregnancy usually around the…