Diabetes Mellitus and Non-insulin Dependent Diabetes Essay

Submitted By alice3299
Words: 613
Pages: 3

Casey Sherman
Monday Wellness
Graphic Communication
October 13, 2014
Type 2 Diabetes Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of the disease. Diabetes mellitus is where the body cells cannot use sugar properly for absence of or resistance to the hormone insulin, which is produced by the pancreas. Diabetes can lead to serious problems over time if left untreated. The high blood sugar levels from uncontrolled diabetes can cause serious long-term diabetic difficulties. Eventually, they damage the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas, reducing insulin output. Type 2 diabetes is also known as the non-insulin dependent diabetes and is the most commonly found type in the world. Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong continuing disease in which there are high levels of sugar in the blood. Diabetes is caused by a problem in the way your body makes or uses insulin. Insulin is needed to transfer blood sugar into cells, where it is stored and later used for energy. Patients suffering from type 2 diabetes tend not to respond effectively to insulin and their fat, liver, and muscle cells do not respond correctly to insulin either, which is called insulin resistance. As a result, blood sugar is not able to get into these cells to be stored for energy. And when sugar cannot enter the cells, high levels of sugar build up in the blood. This is called hyperglycemia. Hyperglycemia is the technical term for high blood glucose (sugar). High blood glucose happens when the body has too little insulin or when the body can’t use insulin properly. Type 2 diabetes usually occurs slowly over time and most people with type 2 diabetes have no symptoms at first or it may even take years. Some early symptoms of diabetes may include; bladder, kidney, skin, or other infections those that are more frequent or heal slowly. You may experience some fatigue, hunger, and increased of thirst. Other important symptoms like increased urination, blurred vision, erectile dysfunction, and pain or numbness in the feet or hands. A hormone produced by the pancreas called insulin helps sugar in our blood get into the cells of our bodies. There are several tests that can be done in order to confirm the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes. The doctor can order a fasting plasma glucose test or casual plasma glucose. The fasting plasma glucose test (FPG) is the preferred method for diagnosing