When Anne received her diary, she and her family were living in Amsterdam (The Netherlands) which was occupied by the German Army. By Anne’s thirteenth birthday she, like every other European Jew, was living in fear of the Nazis and their anti-Jewish decrees. On July 6, 1942, her family was forced to go into hiding.Although they could take very few things with them,Anne brought here diary to her new home, which she called the “Secret Annex.” For the two years that Anne lived in the Annex, she wrote down her thoughts and feelings. She wrote about her life with the seven other people in hiding - her parents, her sister, the van Pels family (called van Daan by Anne), and Fritz Pfeffer (called Alfred Dussel by Anne), as well as the war going on around her and her hopes for the future.
As a result of a radio broadcast made the by Dutch government in exile asking people to save their wartime diaries for publication after the war,Anne decided to rewrite here diary entries.
On August 4, 1944, the Nazis raided the Secret Annex and arrested the residents.Anne’s entire diary - including the plaid book, notebooks, and loose sheets of paper - remained behind in the Annex.Tragically,Anne Frank did not survive the Holocaust. Her father, Otto, the sole survivor among those who had hid in the Secret Annex, returned to Amsterdam after the war. Miep Gies, a woman who had risked her life to hide the Franks, gave Otto Anne’s diary, which she had hidden for almost a year. As he read the entries, he was deeply moved by his daughter’s descriptions of life in the Annex and her feelings about her family and the other residents. He decided to publish the diary so that readers would learn about the effects of the Nazi dictatorship and its process of dehumanization.
In the immediate aftermath of the war it was not easy for Otto to find a publisher for Anne’s work. He was told that no one wanted to read about the Holocaust. Finally a newspaper called Het Parool printed a story about Anne’s diary that captured the interest of Contact Publishers, a Dutch firm. In June 1947 Contact published 1,500 copies of the first Dutch edition of the diary.Within years the Contact edition was translated into German, French, and