Diet: Diabetes Mellitus and Blood Glucose Levels Essay

Submitted By lynnbriscoe
Words: 392
Pages: 2

According to Medical News Today, diabetes, often referred to by doctors as diabetes mellitus, describes a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood glucose (blood sugar), either because insulin production is inadequate, or because the body's cells do not respond properly to insulin, or both. Patients with high blood sugar will typically experience polyuria , which means frequent urination. They will become increasingly thirsty which is called polydipsia and hungry, which is called polyphagia. There are three types of diabetes. Type 1 Diabetes is when the body does not produce insulin. Others may refer to type 1 diabetes as insulin-dependent diabetes, juvenile diabetes, or early-onset diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is not as common as type 2 diabetes, but approximately 10% of all diabetes cases are type 1. People usually develop type 1 diabetes before their 40th year, often in early adulthood or teenage years. Patients with type 1 diabetes will need to take insulin injections for the rest of their life. They must also ensure proper blood-glucose levels by carrying out regular blood tests and following a special diet.
Type 2 diabetes is when the body does not produce enough insulin for proper function, or the cells in the body do not react to insulin also known as insulin resistance. About 90% of all cases of diabetes worldwide are type 2. By losing weight, following a healthy diet, doing plenty of exercise, and monitoring their blood glucose levels, some people may be able to control their type 2 diabetes symptoms. However, type 2 diabetes typically gets worse and the patient