Vygotsky proposed that children’s development is affected by their culture and social interaction. He also suggested that children are not born with knowledge but they gain it through their social interactions with peers and adults; he does not rule out the importance of biological processes but proposes an interdependent relationship between biological development alongside social activity and cultural interaction.
Since language is our means of communicating cultural knowledge, it is extremely important in this theory. Vygotsky was particularly interested in the relationship between language and thinking processes; he believed language was crucial for cognitive development. …show more content…
Vygotsky’s theory is rather sketchy; he failed to mention what kind of social interaction would be most beneficial for learning, for example, If general encouragement would help a child to learn or whether specific instructions is better than elaborative instructions. Despite the criticisms, Vygotsky’s theory can explain why children successfully complete Piagetian tests at an earlier age then the age stated by Piaget himself. He argued the importance of social context, which Piaget underestimated. The ZPD allows a child to understand Piagetian tasks.
There was a lack of empirical