By: Effa Nasir 9A
1. Collective rights are the right that are held by a group qua group rather than by its members severally in contrast even if they are group-differentiated, what most rights are, they remain individual rights if the right-holders are the individuals. Collective rights are different from individual rights. Every Canadian citizen and permanent resident has individual rights under the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, such as the right to live anywhere in Canada.
Historical and modern treaties
Francophone and Anglophone
2. Some groups have collective rights and not others because there is a high population growth in Canada. For example English and French have collective rights because they have a high population growth than any other groups in Canada. The first Nations have collective right because they lived in Canada before we did.
3. The laws recognize the collective rights of first nation’s people because they were the people who lived in Canada before us. First Nations agreed to share their lands and resources in peace. Canada’s government agreed to terms convering First Nations from Treaty to Treaty. For the First Nations, the Numbered treaties are sacred nation to nation agreements, solemnly made, that cannot be changed without their agreement. Treaty rights and citizenship go together for the First Nations now, in the past and into the future.
4. Starting in 1701, in what was to eventually become Canada, the British Crown entered into solemn treaties to encourage peaceful relations between First Nations and non-Aboriginal people. Over the next several centuries, treaties were signed to define, among other things, the respective rights of Aboriginal people and governments to use and enjoy lands that Aboriginal people traditionally occupied. Treaties include historic treaties made between 1701 and 1923 and modern-day treaties known as comprehensive land claim settlements. Treaty rights already in existence in 1982 (the year the Constitution Act was passed), and those that came afterwards, are recognized and affirmed by Canada's Constitution.