The Concept of Divinity in Prometheus Bound: Views and Implications Divinity doesn’t feel so divine to humankind in Aeschylus’ Prometheus Bound. Aeschylus recounts an age old myth that brings to light questions of the power possessed by the new-ruling Olympians and its nature therein. The story tells us of the punishment and imprisonment, by Zeus, of the architect of man, Prometheus. Possessing the title of “god” does not necessarily mean what a contemporary, monotheistic religion entails. The ultimate thought of divinity lies with Zeus, following his defeat of the Titans; he demonstrates his new power in a blind, tyrannical fashion. This sets the stage for the relationship between Zeus and all of mankind. Through all of this display of power over all of the gods, it is forgotten that Prometheus is divine himself. His role, as described in this myth, begets pity and sympathy from humankind, and from Prometheus’ suffering, analogies can be drawn to the Christian god. The study of Zeus in Prometheus Bound is a true look into the divine. Although Greek mythology and religion is polytheistic in nature, Aeschylus’ depicts only one absolute god. Prometheus, on Zeus’ command, is bound by Bia, Kratos, and Hepthaestus. Hephaestus is unequivocally reluctant in binding a fellow god. The fact that Kratos and Bia are so hasty to deliver on Zeus’ word is indicative to his tyrannical style of rule. Kratos and Bia are literally the archetypes and physical representations of power and force, respectively. In ordering these two servants to carry out his will, a message has been sent. Zeus’ authoritative ripples have already caused a god such as Kratos to come to terms with his own divine existence: “Enough! Why falter? Why waste idle pity / […] / but to slight the Father’s word- / What do you think of that? / Is that not more dreadful? / […] / All things are a done under compulsion save ruling / Over the gods; none is free but Zeus.” (Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, pp. 3).1 Even within the kingdoms of heaven, deities that the classical Greeks referred to as ‘gods’ were not free. All were at the mercy of Zeus’ forceful and powerful hand. Despite the fact Zeus’ hand was forceful and powerful, as personified by his servants, it was blind and absent. It is readily apparent that Zeus makes no entrance in the plot thus far. This, in itself, has implications in the relationship between the ruler of divinity and humankind. Although Zeus is never present, Kratos and Bia bind Prometheus so willingly. If gods are to carry out Zeus’ will blindly, humankind has no choice but to act innumerably subservient. As noted earlier, Kratos describes the wrath of Zeus as ‘dreadful’. It needs to be recognized that Kratos is immortal himself, and if he is describing punishment from Zeus as dreadful, punishment for disobeying Zeus is unthinkable for the already pitiful human race. As much as Zeus seems to be a simple avatar of strength with no intellect or reason to back him, it is the contrary for Prometheus. When conversing with Io, Prometheus utters, “I will make clear to you what you want to know, / Not weaving mysteries, but unfolding in simple speech, / Just as one should do when speaking to friends. / I am Prometheus, giver of fire to mortals.” (Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound, pp. 21). Fire in itself, is a motif of intelligence and knowledge. In this imprisonment, it can be argued that any defiance to Zeus, even in thought, can result in the direct oppression and bondage of free-thinking. This has direct correlation to the obedience of humankind demanded by Zeus. The shackles placed upon Prometheus by an all-powerful, absent god, have critical implications of what is expected of classical Greek society in its respect and devotion to the divine. Aeschylus uses this piece to analyze and question the line between humankind and the divine. Prometheus quickly becomes a figure that is pitied by most, including Hephaestus, Oceanus, Io, and the Chorus as well. Though…
Culture-bound syndromes (CBSs) comprise a heterogeneous set of illness phenomena of particular interest to medical anthropologists and to psychiatrists. The eclectic nature of the category makes it hard to define precisely, and has invited much dispute over the best name and definition for it.
DSM-IV (844) defines a
recurrent, locality-specific patterns of aberrant behavior and troubling experience that may or may not be linked to a particular DSM-IV…
The Shadows are not a place of love, for life without meaning, makes death an escape.
The Edge is not a place of safety, where it takes naught but a push to end the compulsion bound upon me.
The Deep a place not meant for companionship, a world alienated by loss and distress.
The Lost is not a place of hope, so far from the place that was once called home.
Day by day, the sickness is growing stronger, pulling me from the center of my being.
Dragging me into the darkness where I shall be…
time outside the school involved in the community. This has included work with Louisville Colts Football Youth Program and volunteering several hours at one of our area's autism shelters for young children.
Ronnie is also involved with the Upward Bound Program at the University of Louisville. This program has seen Ronnie mature since he has been in the program since 7th grade. That proves Ronnie knows how to get involved in something and finish it. Ronnie has won many rewards while at the program…
Title: Frankenstein – Or, the Modern Prometheus
Prometheus was a Greek God who stole the knowledge of fire from Zeus and gave it to the humans. He was then punished for his actions and bound to a rock, having an eagle devour his liver day after day. He became “the lone genius whose efforts to improve human existence also resulted in tragedy.” Victor Frankenstein can be described using the same statement. Ultimately, Prometheus was freed by Hercules and Victor was freed by death…
24 October 2013
Frankenstein - The Modern Prometheus
The novel, Frankenstein, by Mary Shelley, Victor Frankenstein can be considered as the “modern Prometheus” due to the fact that Frankenstein’s main behavior is similar to what Prometheus had done. In Greek Mythology, Prometheus “standing tiptoe on [Mount] Olympus, stretched his arm to the eastern horizon” (“Prometheus” 1), took fire from the sun and gave it to the humans down below, who were living in darkness. Now…
Similarities in Frankenstein and Prometheus
Hubris is a common theme in world literature and storytelling wherein heros try to out do the work of the Gods. This behavior often leads to tragic results. One ancient Greek tale of hubris is the story of Prometheus. Prometheus, the Greek Titan, created humanity from clay and water, and then supplied humans with the gift of fire behind the back of Zeus, King of the Gods. The Gothic European novel Frankenstein tells the story of Victor…
English 9 Honors/Period 4
10 February 2014
February 2, 2014 was the day that decided whether or not our season got to continue or if it ended right then and there. Around 6:30 that morning at the high school we were getting ready to go, stretching and warming up our stunts to make sure they hit. With our hair and makeup already done we were ready to compete. But while we were putting up our stunts I started to get worried. Not everything was solid…
Prometheus; Pandora; Prometheus and Io
Zeus gives the task of creating humans to Prometheus and his brother Epimetheus. Epimetheus, whose name means “afterthought,” grants the animal kingdom all the joys of creation—fur, wings, shells, and so on—until there seems to be nothing left for man. He appeals to Prometheus for help.
Prometheus takes over and devises a way to make mankind superior to the animals. First, he gives mankind an upright shape like that of the gods. Then, he travels to the…
Zack Thomas January 11, 2013
Bound To Ball
“Basketball is everything…”
For Sam Pert the game of basketball is everything. In fact, it’s more than a game, it’s a love of his and his lifestyle. But how long will basketball, a strong passion of Sam’s, be in his life?
Living in his small town outside of Denver, Samuel Lawrence Pert is a senior attending Franklin High. As a Franklin Falcon he works hard in…