Down’s syndrome is a genetic disorder also known as Trisomy 21. The disorder was discovered by John Down, an English physician in 1862. Down syndrome is the most common genetic birth defect, affecting approximately 1 in every 691 babies. Down’s syndrome is also the most common chromosome abnormality in humans. The disorder is caused by a third copy of the 21st chromosome.
Down’s can be diagnosed in many different ways, but physical and mental characteristics are the easiest ways to diagnosis it. Physically, people with the disorder have a flat face, upturned nose, slanted eyes and a small mouth with a large tongue. Mentally, an adult with Down’s has the IQ of the average 8 or 9 year old. Down’s is usually a genetic disorder in which nondisjunction takes place, but in 1% of cases, there can be a hereditary component found.
Your risk of having a baby with Down syndrome is higher if you are older when you get pregnant. Many doctors believe that the risk increases for women age 35 and older. You have a brother or sister who has Down syndrome. You had another baby with Down syndrome.
Once diagnosed with Down’s syndrome, you pretty much with live through it your entire live and really can’t do nothing about that. . There is no single, standard treatment for Down syndrome yet. Treatments are based on each individual's physical and intellectual needs as well as his or her personal strengths and limitations. People with Down syndrome can receive proper care while living at home and in the community.
A child with Down syndrome will receive care from a team of health professionals. All professionals who interact with children with Down syndrome should provide stimulation and encouragement. The disorder is in your chromosomes, and there is no reliable technology that can alter your genes But the best treatment for someone with Down’s is to try to improve their quality of life.
Most people with Down syndrome have distinctive facial features, such as a flat face, small ears, slanting eyes, and a small mouth. Weak muscles and loose joints. Muscle tone usually improves by late childhood. Below-average