Drama Unit Notes Essay

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Drama unit - Notes
Drama: a type of literature where a group of characters interact with each other on stage 3 types of drama 1. Tragedy ex. Antigone When a hero goes up against a great force and loses.. (Aristotle definition: imitation of life which is meant to bring out fear and pity in the reader) 2. Comedy 3. Tragicomedy ­blending of tragedy and comedy in one play ex. Merchant of Venice

3 types of tragedy 1. Revenge­ ex.
The Spanish Tragedy
2. De Casibus­ charts rise & fall of powerful person (ex. Julius Caesar,
3. Domestic­ shows disintegration of family (O)

Types of Characters 1. Flat­ same throughout story
2. Dynamic­ starts off one way and ends up opposite ­ undergo a change
3. Round­ multidimensional, good traits & bad traits
4. Static­ background character & supporting role Methods of Characterization 1. Direct­ author tells you what the character is like
2. Indirect­ you have to infer what the character is like based on character’s interactions with others

Freytag’s Pyramid 1. Exposition­introduction of characters & setting
2. Rising Action­plot starts to develop
3. Climax­plot comes together
4. Falling action­how it will resolve
5. Denouement­ resolution/conclusion

Aristotle Poetics
­ 1st book of literary criticism
1. redefined tragedy
2. 3 unities of drama
● unity of time­ shouldn’t cover a timespan of more than 24 hours
● unity of place­ should only have one location
● unity of action­ all actions depend on each other

Winters tale violates 3 unities!!!

3. tragic hero

● elevated stature­position of power
● can’t be all good/bad­­ had to be round
● tragic flaw (hamartia)­characteristic that motivates/drives individual
● reversal of fortune­ go from going one way to being opposite
● realization­ acknowledge that what they did was wrong
● Catharsis­ outpouring of emotion

Types of Conflict 1. Man vs. Self ­internal
2. Man vs. Man
3. Man vs. Society
4. Man vs. Nature Types of Irony 1. Situational
2. Verbal
3. Dramatic

● tragic hero is Creon, the king
­man of his word
­patriotic­­wanted to do what was best for his country
­family man

­didn’t take pity
­unwilling to listen ● Creon’s hamartia­ his pride/hubris
● pg 1584 “you want to talk but never to hear and listen”
● Pg 1590 “old man, you are all archers, and I am your mark.”
● Pg 1577 “though she were my sister’s child or closer in blood than all that my hearth god acknowledges as mine neither she nor her sister should escape the utmost sentence­ death”
● goes against laws of gods

● Reversal of fortune
­family dies
­when Hamen tries to go against his father
­when he decides a little too late to let Antigone go CLIMAX­ Antigone’s suicide ● Realization­
● “Lead me away, a vain silly man who killed you son, and you, too, lady. I did not mean to, but I did”
● “What doom still waits for me? I have but now taken in my arms my son…” role of gender
● when Ismene tells Antigone she won’t help her because they can’t go against the men in power
● when Creon and Antigone argue and Antigone has her own thoughts
● when Creon told his son that Antigone could be replaced like any other woman ●