W hat are bath salts?
Bath Salts are substituted
cathinones, which are synthetic, concentrated versions of the stimulant chemical in Khat.
Methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV), mephedrone and methylone are the chemicals most often found in Bath
W hat does it look like?
Bath Salt products are sold in powder form
in small plastic or foil packages of 200 and
500 milligrams under various brand names. Mephedrone is a fine white, offwhite or slightly yellow-colored powder. It can also be found in tablet and capsule form. MDPV is a fine white or off-white powder. K2 is typically sold in small, silvery plastic bags of dried leaves and marketed as incense that can be smoked. It is said to resemble potpourri.
H ow is it used?
Bath Salts are usually ingested by
sniffing/snorting. They can also be taken orally, smoked, or put into a solution and injected into veins.
W hat are its short-term ef e fcts? Short-term effects include very severe
paranoia that can sometimes cause users to harm themselves or others. Effects reported to Poison Control Centers include suicidal thoughts, agitation, combative/violent behavior, confusion, hallucinations/psychosis, increased heart rate, hypertension, chest pain, death or serious injury. The speed of onset is 15 minutes, while the length of the high from these drugs is 4-6 hours.
W hat are its long-term ef e fcts? Possible side effects and complications of even low doses
of bath salts abuse include rapid heart rate, chest pain, high blood pressure, agitation, hallucinations, paranoia, and delirium. The agitation and delirium can last for days.
Other risks of using these drugs, particularly with overdose, include liver failure, seizures, heart attack, brain swelling, and severe fever (hyperthermia). Emotional complications of bath salts abuse can include panic attacks and violence against oneself ( suicidal thoughts or actions, or self-mutilation, as in cutting or burning oneself). The bath salts abuser may develop thoughts, attempts, or acts of homicide or violence against others. Deaths from the medical problems associated with bath salts have been known to occur as well.
W hat is its federal classif c iation? On October 21, 2011, DEA published a final
order in the Federal Register exercising its emergency scheduling authority to control three of the synthetic stimulants that are used to make bath salts. As a result of this order, these synthetic stimulants are designated as Schedule I substances under the Controlled Substances Act.
Names- Brand names include Blizzard, Blue
Silk, Charge+, Ivory Snow, Ivory Wave, Oce
For individuals who suffer from addiction to bath salts, help can
be found at a rehab facility. There are a variety of rehabilitation programs available to meet the needs of different addicts. However, many bath salts addicts may find success at an inpatient treatment