October 19, 2013
College of Urban Affairs
When the municipal division of the labor force becomes more ethnically diverse as well as government agencies make attempts to manage that diversity, the importance of understanding how diversity affects workplace interactions and work-related outcomes increases. Little public-sector research has examined the impact of diversity on performance outcomes. My goal is to fill in some of the missing effects of ethnic diversity of managers and street level public officials on work-related outcomes.
I will be exploring and analyzing the demographic changes of Cleveland, Ohio. In Cuyahoga County a metropolitan area the years 2000-2010 were evaluated. The demographic topics I will examine include total population, population of whites alone, population of blacks, and population of Hispanic or Latino, housing units, vacant housing units, renter- occupied housing units, persons for whom poverty is determined, persons with income below poverty level, and the rate of poverty. Cleveland, Ohio is located in the Midwest of the United States of America, Spanning 1,246 square miles and home to many different cultures and people; Cuyahoga County is the most populous county I out of its eighty-eight counties total in the state of Ohio. My goal is to fill in some of the missing effects of ethnic diversity of managers and street level public officials on work-related outcomes and show major differences in demographic characteristics in the 10 year time span.
Analysis of obtained data from three different areas from the U.S Census Internet source. The three data sources are the 2010 US Census for population and housing indicators, the 2009 American Community Survey for property, and the 2000 Census for population, housing and poverty indicators. The information and data in the US Census will allow me to explore indicators. The key population, housing and economic conditions for both the city and county. I will also be able to look at trends occurring in key demographic indicators, comparisons between the county and city and the key indicators of pattern of geographic concentration, and rates of occurrence for specific population, housing and economic characteristics. After analysis of the data from the US census, I anticipate a vast demographic difference between the cities and county area of Cleveland, Ohio and Cuyahoga County. Also I expect Cleveland, Ohio to have greater increase in total number of housing units than the Cuyahoga County. I also expect to Cleveland, Ohio to have higher percentage of Hispanic residents and an overall higher population than Ohio county of Cuyahoga. I believe that both cities will have experience a losses in total population between 2000 and 2010.
Data Analysis Between 2000 and 2010 the city of Cleveland experienced a total loss 17.1% and white alone population loss of 25.5%. During the same years Cleveland’s Hispanic population grew by 13.8%. Cuyahoga County experienced the same trend in population percentage change as Cleveland. The county’s population total decreased by 17.1%, its whites alone population decreased by almost 13.3%, and its Hispanic population increased by 30.1%.
The rise of vacant housing units from 2000 to 2010 in Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, and the Cleveland and Cuyahoga County area is significant finding retrieved from online Census data. There was a 58.8% increase in the number of vacant housing units in the city of Cleveland, a 68.8% increase in Cuyahoga County.
The rate of persons with income below poverty level has risen between 2000 and 2010 in Cleveland, as well as Cuyahoga County. There was a 5% increase in persons with income the poverty level in Cleveland, a 3.3% increase in Cuyahoga County. Figure 3 portrays the percentage of increase of persons with income below the poverty level for each