Dust Bowl Migration Wayne Findley HIS/145 August 13, 2013 Allan Fifield Dust Bowl Migration Even though farmers need to keep up their production with the population, farmers need to take measures to protect farm soil. If the farm soil is not protected humanity will have another dust bowl. For farmers to make more profit back in the 1920s, the use of mechanical devices, such as plows and other farming equipment were used by people to farm more in the Heartland of the United States. Farmers were over producing and coupled with the Great Depression the market prices were plummeting. People could not afford to buy the produce, therefore farmers could not make back the money that was put into farming. To make up for this loss farmers were expanding their fields to sell more to make up the loss. Top-soil started blow away in the winds, leaving their fields baron and un-farmable. The rains stopped and the dust storms began. This started to drive millions of people west to California. California was not welcoming to these newcomers (Bidwell, 2008). The newcomers consisted of a variety of people from the mid-west. The people who were hurt the most from the droughts and windstorms were people from the Oklahoma panhandle, western Kansas, eastern Colorado, northern Texas, and northeast New Mexico. Even though Oklahoman’s only made up a small percentage of the people who were migrating to California, welcoming residents labeled migrants as “Oakies.” There were so many people migrating to California, the state decided to close the borders down and try to slow the wave of people. A few migrants had some money and were allowed to pass yet most were turned away be the not so welcoming state. The California Legislature had passed a law to punish anyone who was helping any Okie migrate. This law was later found unconstitutional but people were still subjective to it. There was approximately 2.9 million migrants that entered California. There were so many that they had to start making camps to live in (Ed. Richard, 2013). The State of California was being overwhelmed with migrants. The residents of California were meeting the migrants with roadblocks and hostility. There were signs posted by the residents along the highways into the state that warned migrants to turn around that there was no work for them. The migrants were not used to be being treated in this manner by other people. Many of them came from middle to upper class homes and are very hardworking people. These hardworking people were used to possessing money and not accompanied to the belittling that was in store for them. Most were farmers that lost their houses and farms because of the dust bowl, so there was nothing left to do but move. There were many jobs in California but not near enough to sustain the millions of migrants. California residents were growing very angry with the flood of migrants because they believed their jobs were being taken from them by the migrants. The State also suffered because of the increase in welfare that was being given by the State to the migrants. The story was similar for most migrants, they entered California with little or no money. The migrants made their way through southern, central, and northern California, only stopping if they ran out of money or could find work. Once the migrants got settled, as best they could and could sustain themselves by getting jobs in shipyards and factories during the war. Some also joined the military and left for war, which was better than starving to death (Jones, 1989). Some migrants could assimilate into California but not all. Dealing with the prejudicial treatment and hostile environment of California at the time was tough. Those who were lucky, could find steady work and started saving their money,
Surviving the dust bowl essay
Surviving the Dust Bowls is the frightening story about the drought that lasted for almost a decade and its impact on the life of the thousands of the people who were affected by it. Before the 1930s, farmers flocked to the Southern States as they were attracted by the vast tracts of land that were more than suitable for farming. The land was so rich that migration continued to the Southern States. Thinking that the…
The cause of the Dust Bowl – the investigation of American mindset
The Dust Bowl, an environmental disaster rooted from the correlation between human beings and lands, has caused calamitous effects on the lives of human beings. Beginning in the 1930’s, severe dust storm raged across North America’s prairies, damaging not only the economy of North America but also the ecology and agriculture, leading to the inevitable decline of the fertility…
many people were buying
stocks “on margin” which means that they borrow money from the bank in order
to buy more stocks .But the stock market wasn't the great cause that led to the
Great Depression was the dust bowl. The dust bowl which was also known as the
"dirty 30's" was one of the worst dust storms that damaged the agriculture of the
United States it badly affected 100,000,000 acres most of them became useless.
It stretched from Canada to the southern states. Western farmers in Canada were
The Dust Bowl More Than Just Dust
The Dust Bowl happened in the 1930’s. It happened because people were unaware that overgrazing and over plowing the area around them, which no one knew would cause this. Still there was another effect which was very little water and trees causing the area to get the nickname “The Great American Dessert”. This drought then in return caused severe drought starting in 1931, making every famers life difficult, some even went broke! Next when drought had worsened…
to the present. There was the dust bowl, Great Depression and the stalk market crash in 2007. These are a few of the many ecanomic things America faced.
The Great Depression was a decade of relentless struggle. Many people lost their jobs slowing down the economy and raising the unemployment rate higher and higher. The Great Depression brought more struggles than just the unemployment or people not buying and spending money. It brought the dust bowl. The dust bowl was mostly in the southern plains…
to suffer from the great depression they were also hit by the Dust Bowl. The Dust Bowl started in 1932 and lasted about eight years, approximately ending around 1940. The Dust Bowl was an area of extreme drought and severe wind and dust storms. Although drought and dust storms were common in the Great Plains, it was the rapid expansion of wheat production following World War I that destroyed soil-holding grasses and created the Dust Bowl. During the time of the great depression many Americans looked…
1929 America witnessed it biggest financial crises in American history. The Wall Street crash was an event which leads to America’s problem. In the 1930’s there were many events which lead to Americas down fall i.e. the dust bowl and the great depression.
The dust bowl
The dust bowl was when the soil of California, Texas and Oklahoma was over use which took all the nutrients away from the rich soil which turned it to sand and the harsh winds from the south which caused sand storms and made life for…
identities and struggle with hardship, they persevere and reach unification. In John Steinbeck’s The Grapes of Wrath because of the dust bowl, the Joad family, as well as other migrants, are forced off their land, losing their identity. On their journey to California, the Joads face hardship such as starvation and death ultimately leading the Joads as well as other dust bowl survivors to unity.
When the Joads are forced off their land that they have been living on for generations they lose their sense…
quickly losing its fertility. With unfertile, dry land, the wheat crop started to dye. Once the wheat started to dye then it began blowing away with wind. Due to the improper farming, along with a long drought very large dust storms started appear. Dust storms made life in the Dust Bowl very burdensome. During the 1930's, the Great Plains was plagued with a drought, a long period of dryness, which brought demise to many of the farmers in the region. This horrible drought started in 1930, a year that…
(Udall & Emmons, 2003)
The dust bowl also played a role in the development of the west, namely central and southern California.
Farmer’s flocked to the southern plains with promise of a great agricultural land. However, they were unaware that this land was no stranger to drought and high temperatures. Farming greatly increased the amount of bare, dry land that would result from little to no water for the crops. The fields were left as dry barren patched of dirt and dust. The increased lack of rain…