Early Christian Literature New Testament

Submitted By 18chavez
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Early Christian Literature “New Testament”
Denise Chavez
Colorado Christian University

The great purpose of man, especially the believer in Christ, is to glorify God. “So whether you eat or drink or whatever you do, do it all for the glory of God” (1 Corinthians 10:31, NIV). The word “glory” in the Greek New Testament is doxa which means an opinion, an estimation, or reputation in which one is held. It refers to that which should accrue to God as praise, thanksgiving, obedience, reverence, and service because of who God is and what God does. In other words, giving glory to God is tied in with the knowledge of God which is the revelation of God, and knowing God personally is the response to God.
The Lord Jesus said in John 17:3, “Now this is eternal life: that they know you, the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom you have sent.” The many different names in Scripture reveal God’s character, His works, and His relationship to us based on His character and works. The names which God chose for Himself and which are set for Him in the Word of God are additional revelations of who and what of God that we may know and relate to God. The following five names and titles used to identify Jesus are as follow:
Redeemer- In the book of Titus, where the Apostle writes to Titus letting him know the reason and duties he had left him behind we find in verse 2 how Paul explains to Titus how salvation will come upon them. “Who gave himself for us to redeem us from all wickedness and to purify for himself a people that are his very own, eager to do what is good” (Titus 2:14, NIV). The name redeemer shows us that He was not one who waited to be served, but was one who was put in this world to serve. Mark 10:45 says, “For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.”
Light of the World- Jesus is the Person who brings true knowledge of God. Those who reject this light bring judgment upon themselves. In the book of John, while people were having a dispute about the testimony of Jesus, this is what He said: “When Jesus spoke again to the people, he said, “I am the light of the world. Whoever follows me will never walk in darkness, but will have the light of life” (John 8:12, NIV). In the book of John, the Apostle continues to explain the name of Jesus as “the Light of the World”, a definition that can clear a lot up in readers minds as to what it truly meant. “This is the verdict: Light has come into the world, but people loved darkness instead of light because their deed were evil. Everyone who does evil hates the light, and will not come into the light for fear that their deeds will be exposed. But whoever lives by the truth comes into the light, so that it may be seen plainly that what they have done has been done in the sight of God” (John 3:19-21, NIV).
Lamb of God- This title refers to the Old Testament sacrificial system where God accepted the blood of animals as atonement for sin. In John 1:29 it shows how the Apostle John referred to Jesus, “The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him and said, “Look, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world!”
Truth, and Life- Jesus is the only way to heaven, the only source of truth, and the foundation of all life. In the book of John it shows how Jesus uses a different name to refer to himself, “Jesus answered, “I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me” (John 14:6, NIV). Showing how the light of happiness will only come if we follow Him.
Ruler of Creation- Christ existed before the creation of the world and He is sovereign over it. We find in Revelation where in the letter to the church in Loadicea, “To the angel of the church in Loadicea write: These are the words of the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the ruler of God’s creation” (Revelation 3:14, NIV).
Throughout the New Testament His name is expressed differently about 200 different ways. The two that