EATING DISORDER Essay

Submitted By sherylchow
Words: 1493
Pages: 6

The definition of eating disorder is one of the kind that is mentally disturbed and classified as interrupted eating habit either insufficiently or excessively taking in food.

Eating disorder can be classified to various type of disorders such as the following. Anorexia Nerosa is distinguished as refusal to eat. It affects both female and male at any age but disproportionately affects young women in their teen years and early twenties. The most recent diagnosis for Anorexia Nerosa must first meet four specification. Firstly, a person must refuse to maintain body weight over a minimal normal weight for age and height or have a failure to make expected weight gain during a defined period of growth, resulting in a body weight 15% lower than expected. Secondly, the person must sophisticate a fright of increase in body fat, even though it is significantly vice versa. Thirdly, the person must have a disturbance in the way his or her body weight, size, or shape is experienced and also experience undue influence of body weight, or shape on self-evaluation, or an instance of refusing the seriousness of the contemporary body weight. Lastly, amenorrhea must be in existence. Amenorrhea is an abnormal absence of menses.
Bulimia nervosa is described as repeatedly giving in the pleasure of excessive activity in drinking or eating and forcefully purging. Bulimia Nervosa exists when bingeing and compensatory behaviors occur on average 2 times weekly or more for a period of at least 3 months, when the behaviors are not solely Anorexia Nervosa, and when self-evaluation is affected by body shape or weight. People with Bulimia are often perturbed about their body’s relative mass. They often force themselves to vomit, use laxatives, diuretics, enemas, abstain from food or drink, or even doing inordinate exercises. These behaviors are often performed in a secluded place to avoid discrimination from other people.
Anorexia Athletica is a recognizable pattern of disordered behaviors on the eating disorders range that is recognizably different from Anorexia Nervosa or Bulimia Nervosa. In spite of the fact that it is not known formally by the standard mental health diagnostic manuals, the term Anorexia Athletica is regard as overly exercising. Examples are Compulsive Exercising , Sports Anorexia, and Hypergymnasia, Anorexia Athletica. Not only it happens to people who are active in sports, it also applies to the general population. People suffering from Anorexia Athletica often involve in overindulgent exercising. This puts them on the line for malnutrition and in younger athletes could result in endocrine and metabolic derangements such as decreased bone density or delayed menarche. It is also acknowledged that in a more serious case of Anorexia Athletica, that person might suffer psychologically, physically or even social deprivation.
Orthorexia Nervosa (also known as "orthoexia") is a term originated by physician Steven Bratman in an article he wrote for Yoga Journal in 1997. It is not a type of eating disorder but it does share similarities with Bulimia and Anorexia Nervosa. Orthoexia refers to a fixation on eating "pure" or "right" or "proper" food rather than on the quantity of food consumed. A person who responds to orthoexia will experience mood swings, isolating themselves. They will resist any other activities so that more time can be spent on their upcoming meal. Social isolation, physical downturn, and failure to live a normal life can occur. Statistically, it is also reported that there have been deaths associated to orthoexia. It is a leisure death that an individual will undergo when they get too low in body weight until their heart fails. EDNOS (Eating Disorder Not Otherwise Specified). According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, 4th Edition there exists a category of eating disorders that do not meet the specific criteria for the two defined disorders, Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia. People who do not meet the…