Adaptive Radiation: Diversification of a species or single ancestral type into several forms that they are each adaptively specialized to a specific environmental niche.
Natural Selection: A process resulting in the survival of those individuals from a population of animals or plants that are best adapted to the prevailing environmental conditions. The survivors tend to produce more offspring than those less well adapted. So that the characteristics of the population change overtime
Latitude: The Angular distance north or south of the earths equator, measured in degrees along a meridian. As on a map or globe.
Species: Any of the taxonomic groups in which a genus is divided, the members of which are capable of interbreeding: often containing subspecies, varieties or races.
A species is designated in italics by the genus name followed by specific name.
Pioneer species: pioneer species are often grasses such as marram grass, which grows on sand dunes. In more rocky and damp conditions. Often lichen and small ephemeral bunch grasses and wild flowers in crevices.
Sustainability: Long lived and healthy wetlands and forest are examples of sustainable ecosystems. For humans sustainability is the potential for long-term maintenance of well being, which has environmental and social dimensions.
Habitat: the natural environment in which an organism lives or the physical environment that surrounds a species population.
Climax Community: a climax