Economics and supply Chain Essay

Submitted By Fancheng-Meng
Words: 917
Pages: 4

词语

释义

automation

⾃自动化

bankruptcy

破产

Bretton Woods System

布雷顿森林体系

buyer driven industry

买⽅方市场

clustering of activities

词组

词组释义 备注

分⼯工聚类

-established the rules for commercial and financial relations among the world's major industrial states!
-the first example of a fully negotiated monetary order intended to govern monetary relations among independent nation-states

Co-ordinated Market Economics CME credit crisis

信⽤用危机

CSR

企业社会责任

a form of corporate self-regulation integrated into a business model. CSR policy functions as a built-in, self-regulating mechanism whereby a business monitors and ensures its active compliance with the spirit of the law, ethical standards, and international norms. culture norms

⽂文化模式

a group-held belief about how members should behave in a given context. Sociologists describe norms as informal understandings that govern society’s behaviors.

cut taxation

减税

demand and supply

供需

deregulation

放宽管制

discipline

处罚

dividend

分红

economic liberalism

经济⾃自由主义

equilibrium

均衡 ⽐比如市场均衡

Financialisation

经济⾦金融化

Financialization is a term that describes an economic system or process that attempts to reduce all value that is exchanged (whether tangible, intangible, future or present promises, etc.) either into a financial instrument or a derivative of a financial instrument

Fordism

福特主义

a notion of a modern economic and social system based on an industrialized and standardized form of mass production.

geo-political

地理-政治上的

giant firm

⼤大公司

globalization

全球化

Globalization (or globalisation) is the process of international integration arising from the interchange of world views, products, ideas, and other aspects of culture

GPN

全球⽣生产⺴⽹网路

全球⽣生產網路是指跨國公司將產品價值鏈分割為若幹
個獨⽴立的模塊, 每個模塊都置於全球範圍內能夠以最
低成本完成⽣生產的國家和地區, 進⽽而形成的多個國家
參與產品價值鏈的不同階段的國際分⼯工體系。

hedge fund

对冲基⾦金

hostility

敌意 反对

ideology

意识形态

IMF

国际货币基⾦金组织

inequality

不均

intervention

干涉

Keynesian

凯恩⻄西主义

labour

劳⼯工

labour intensive

劳动密集型

labour market

劳⼯工市场

Laissez-faire capitalism

放任⾃自由主义

Lehman Brothers’

雷曼兄弟

underline ~ 坚持反对

state ~

国家干涉 the view that in the short run, especially during recessions, economic output is strongly influenced by aggregate demand (total spending in the economy). In the Keynesian view, aggregate demand does not necessarily equal the productive capacity of the economy; instead, it is influenced by a host of factors and sometimes behaves erratically, affecting production, employment, and inflation.

an economic environment in which transactions between private parties are free from government restrictions, tariffs, and subsidies, with only enough regulations to protect property rights.

Liberal Market Economics LME macro structure

宏观环境

mobility of capital

资本流动

monopsony

买⽅方垄断

nationalization

国有化

correspond to the overall organization of society, described at a rather large-scale level, featuring for instance social groups, organizations, institutions, nation-states and their respective properties and relations. the process of taking a private industry or private assets into public ownership by a national government or state.

Neo-Liberalism

a political philosophy whose advocates support economic liberalizations, free trade and open markets, privatization, deregulation, and enhancing the role of the private sector in modern society.
Today the term is mostly used as a general condemnation of economic liberalization policies and its advocates.

Neorealism

新现实主义

international relationship is competition based, has conflicts polatization

两极化

the gap between highest paid workers and lowest paid workers is growing

privatization

私有化

the process of transferring ownership of a business, enterprise, agency, public service or public…