Essay on Ecuador’s Land

Submitted By keeshahtho
Words: 435
Pages: 2

My country for the World Expo is Ecuador. Ecuador is located in South America and my areas of interest on this country are land, people, and historical places. First, I would like to talk about Ecuador’s Land. In Ecuador, the Andes almost dominate the country cutting across two ranges. Earthquakes are very frequent and often disastrous, an example is in 1949 when the city of Ambato was leveled. East of the Andes is a region of tropical jungle through which run the tributaries of the Amazon River. In the Pacific region, hot, humid valleys north of the Gulf of Guayaquil are the source of Ecuador’s chief exports, including oil and coffee. Also, large deposits of oil are located in the northeast, with Guayaquil and Esmeraldas as the chief ports. Furthermore it is home to the remote Pacific Islands of Galapagos, a very special place for evolutionary biology. The Galapagos archipelago is located about 1000 kilometers west of the mainland of Ecuador. When the Galapagos islands were first discovered soon after they were perfect hideouts for pirates and later sealers and whalers followed to exploit the rich hunting grounds. Naturalists became soon amazed by them for their remote location and their unique “fauna” and “flora”. Among them was Charles Darwin who spent a month there and afterwards reflecting on the native animals and plants and came up with his evolutionary theory of natural selection. Ecuador’s land is great with one of the highest biological diversity. Second, I would like to inform about Ecuador’s people. Ecuador’s population is estimated to be 13,927,650 with less than an annual growth rate. Most of the population live in the highlands. About 65% of the people are mestizo, and 25% are indigenous, 10% Caucasian, 7% African and 3%