To ensure that people have equal rights and opportunities. By law every organisation must have an equal opportunities policy that all employees can see. This is to ensure that all employees are treated as equals and have the same opportunities as one another. In health and social care, according to equal opportunities all employees within the organisation must receive the same treatment.
This means fairness and being just. In health and social care professions it means that everyone is entitled to equal access to any service when needed, and that everyone should get the same high quality of care no matter what their where they live their lives.
This term is used in order to describe the differences between individuals in its positives sense diversity means that all individuals are respected and valued, this means that you need to be aware that a person’s differences do not obstruct the way that they are cared for by health and social care professionals in all health care services.
Everyone possesses basic human rights and in turn has a responsibility to respect other people’s human rights. The Human Rights Act of 2000 is explained on the government website in detail (www.direct.gov.uk), which that each individual’s human rights are:
The right to life
The right to freedom from torture and degrading treatment
The right to freedom from slavery and forced labour
The right to liberty
The right to fair trial
The right not to be punished for something that wasn’t a crime when you did it
The right to respect for private and family life
The right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion, and freedom to express your beliefs
The right to freedom of assembly and association
The right to marry and start a family The right not to be discriminated against in respect of those rights and freedoms
The right to peaceful enjoyment of your property
The right to an education
The right to participate in free elections
The right not to be subjected to the death penalty
There are rights that affect every aspect of an individual’s life, when working in a health and social care setting people need to be aware of these rights.
Continuing from equality, equity and rights, everyone working in or using health and social care services should have the same opportunities to medical treatment. This may involve you talking to clients, for example telling them what they can and can’t do, or the possible side effects of their medication they are taking or the procedure they are having.
Difference is related to diversity, it is when each person must be respected and their differences recognised. Individuals need to be acknowledged and valued for who they are. This applies to colleagues within the health and social care profession as well as those using the service.
Discrimination is unlawful in the United Kingdom; there is a legislation to support any individuals that feel as though they are being discriminated against. There are two types of discrimination that you need to be aware of.
This kind of discrimination is open discrimination – an example of this happening could be when another member of staff is being given a higher pay due to their gender or even though you are doing the same job with the same qualifications. It can also be shown in a health and social care environment when an employee treats two people differently.
The opposite of overt, this is a hidden kind of discrimination. An example of covert discrimination is when employers are hiring. Two candidates for a job may have the same qualifications for the job however one of the two is hired, not because of his skills or experience but due to the other being discriminated against. This type of discrimination is happens often and is often un-documented due to it being difficult to see.
This is a form of discrimination in which individuals are only seen