Educational Theories In Education

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Education Theories
In essence, I am a special education instructor, and most of my students have low function autism. Therefore, I may face various challenges in my instructional setting. Notably, I teach in an elementary school. Thus, the instructional environment is suitable for elementary students with low functioning autism. The instructional settings at this school include general education which is incorporated into designated instruction and services as well as a support system for the students. Also, there is resource support for the general education. I also maintain a student-centered classroom which enables me to cater to the needs of every student.
Potential challenges
Students with low functioning autism display behaviors
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Consequently, this will require me to incorporate student based philosophies and social reconstruction theories in the teaching curriculum. Mostly, the student based philosophies are critical to the instructional setting. When the educators focus on the individual needs of students, they can teach and assist the students in a classroom and facilitate a high success level. My philosophy of curriculum includes the progressivism philosophy. In truth, the student-centered philosophies are more focuses on training and individual mentoring students. These philosophies emphasize the individuality aspect of the students and enable teachers to help students realize their full potential. A classroom that is student-centered is less structured or rigid. This classroom setting is also less concerned with drilling academics and past traditional teaching practices. A student-centered classroom setting is focused on training student to be successful in the dynamic …show more content…
Educators that embrace this philosophy are more focused on the outcome and do not rely on merely providing facts in learning. The teacher does not focus on the existing educational culture but puts in more effort in allowing the child to apply their approach in handling the tasks assigned to them. The progressivism philosophy was advocated for by John Dewey and Jacques Rousseau. Rousseau argued that individuals are primarily functional and the society corrupts them. He supported the idea that the educations of the child should take place in nature, where civilization cannot influence the teaching of the child negatively. In such a setting, the interests of the child serve as a guideline for the educational curriculum. John Dewy, on the other hand, argues that the best way to learn is through problem-solving and social interaction. He developed experimentalism and the scientific technique in problem-solving. Consequently, several opinions emerged with regards to progressivism. However, prevailing belief in this philosophy is that educators should direct instructional methods away from the traditional forms of the school setting that encouraged a text-book oriented curriculum. Educators should not be perceived as disseminators of information but rather as facilitators of thinking. The progressivism philosophy advocates for the classroom as a place for experience