Essay L In West Africa from 800 CE to 1600 CE, Islam greatly changed life. Islam had been originally encountered by African traders along the routes that went through the area. The culture within West Africa was strongly influenced, as well as the economies of Ghana, Mali and Songhai. The politics in these kingdoms were changed as well. However, some African cultural and political systems continued to exist. Culture was one of the main points of influence under Islamic rule. Under Muslim rule, the culture from 800 onward changed to be more settled and united. Tribes and nomads settled down to cities. Women’s status stayed the same or worsened under Islam. Violence became less common throughout West Africa, at least until Sunni Ali came along. This was because Islam was a more organized religion. Some continuities occurred in Ghana, Mali and Songhai. Some people wanted to continue their traditional ways, such as tribal appointments and ceremonies. These groups were not outcasts; they just were not as large as the supporters of Islam. Some of these groups still practice their traditional beliefs to this day. The economy was also influenced, but it was the least out of the three. One major aspect of trade was the fact that the gold trade exploded. It was estimated that two-thirds of the world’s gold supply came from West Africa until about 1350. The reason it increased so much is because of the abundance of gold in the region. Money was made much easier to deal with because a currency system was established. Some important goods were brought into the region, such as horses, that were used around the world but not in Africa prior to this point. Continuities existed in that some goods that were traded before this time frame in Africa were still traded into this time frame. In addition, some of Africa’s traditional trade methods stayed intact, such as the old bartering system. It was not a simple overnight process that Islam became the main focus of Africa; it took centuries. Politics was influenced more by Islam than economics but less than culture. A change was that Muslim politicians were usually elected versus the previous methods of appointing kings and emperors. The kings and emperors now used Islam to their advantage because the religion was intertwined with the government. Islam also affected certain laws and practices of the time, as Islamic rulers were forceful in the ruling of their people. They set up their own way of running the government. The Muslim invaders that later came spread
Germans were the first to use flamethrowers in WWI. Their flamethrowers could fire jets of flame as far as 130 feet.
More than 65 million men from 30 countries fought in WWI.
There were over 35 million civilian and soldier casualties in WWI. Over 15 million died and 20 million were wounded.
Nearly 2/3 of military deaths in WWI were in battle. In previous conflicts, most deaths were due to disease.
During WWI, the Spanish flu caused about 1/3 of total military deaths.
Russia mobilized 12 million…
Quals Direct Knowledge Task
Generated on 02/03/2015
Dip L. 2 Provide support for leisure activities
20/02/2015 at 20:55
1 Identify different activities that maybe regarded as leisure activities
Many activities can be regarded as leisure activities suc as: swimming, walking, football and other sports.
Also reading, listening to music and arts and crafts.…
L’Oreal USA: Does Looks Really Matter in the Cosmetics Industry?
University of Mary Hardin Baylor
L’Oreal is a multimillion dollar cosmetics company; it is also associated with other brands such as Ralph Lauren and Giorgio Armani. L’Oreal is particularly interested in employees that are enthusiastic about fashion and beauty, posse’s customer service abilities just to name a few (O’Rourke, J. pg. 357).
In Macy’s in San Jose, CA the manager Elysa Yanowitz was with…
“Coming for a middle-class family of Southern black ministry, Martin Luther King Jr. was cultivated into a man of profound importance. He lived on Auburn Avenue, home to some of the country’s largest and most prosperous black businesses and black churches in the years before the civil rights movement. Growing up, King experienced prejudices common in the South. However, at the age six, when a white playmates parent banned him from contact with king, he recognized the start of something that went…
This evening we are all gathered here to honor corporal Jason L. Dunham, For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as Rifle Squad Leader in the Operation Iraq Freedom. It is said that there is no greater reward than the man who lays down his life for his friends. I say there is no greater love than those who give their lives for their country; for people who will never know of their name, or their story.…
SHARON TUCKER TDA 2.4/1.1 30224516 11/4/2013
Legislation Relating to Equality, Diversity and Inclusion
Timeline of legislation
* 1975 – Sex Discrimination Act
* 1976 – Race Relations Act
* 1989 – Children’s Act
* 1991 – United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child
* 1995 – Disability Discrimination Act
* 1998 – Data Protection Act
* 1998 – Human Rights Act
* 2000 – Freedom of Information Act
* 2001 – Special Educational Needs and Disability…
L & D Profession Map
The L & D Professional Map is a tool that measures professional competencies and behaviours against that of L & D professionals. The map is divided up into 10 professional areas and 8 behaviours. The map is designed to be used for all L & D workers irrespective of ability and level of the role. This tool also helps you with your development needs to help you progress.…
SOL Standards Chapter 1
The student will demonstrate knowledge of early development of humankind
from the Paleolithic Era to the agricultural revolution by
a) explaining the impact of geographic environment on hunter-gatherer
Homo sapiens emerged in East Africa between 100,000 and 400,000 years ago.
Homo sapiens migrated from Africa to Eurasia, Australia, and the Americas.
Early humans were hunters and gatherers whose survival depended on
the availability of wild plants…
October 27, 2014
In the poem “Station” by Eamon Grennan the train symbolizes the end of the journey that a father takes with his son. A father and his son are at a train station waiting for a train, and “silently the huge train waits,” to take away a father’s son, not only to his mother’s home, but also to the next stage of his life. The train is “crowding the station with aftermath and longing” because these are the final moments the father has with his son. The father sees the…