Egypt’s Evolution Essay

Submitted By EvanCooper1
Words: 678
Pages: 3

Egypt’s Evolution For years Egypt has been in a crisis. Not only has their economy turned to rubble but there is an aloofness amongst the government and egyptian citizens. Executive power has been passed from the hands of President Anwar El Sadat, to tyrant Honsi Mubarak, to the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces and then fairly won by current president Mohamed Morsi. For almost thirty years, Hosni Mubarak served as the fourth President of Egypt. He was appointed Vice President in 1975 and obtained presidency on October fourteenth, 1981 after the assassination of President Anwar El Sadat. During his rain as Vice President, Mubarak loyally served Sadat and his policies although there have been repeated reports that Mubarak was involved in Sadat’s assassination. Mubarak and Defense Minister, Abu Ghazala were sitting next to Sadat before the attack. Around forty people were killed and wounded, yet neither Mubarak nor Ghazala were harmed. They both managed to quickly throw themselves over a five foot granite wall that protected them from the four assassin soldiers. At the same time, several supersonic Mirage jets happened to be flying overhead, drowning out the m chine-gun fire.
After twenty-nine years of corruption, on January twenty-fifth Egyptians began to peacefully protest against Hosni Mubarak. Demanding social justice, democracy, and an end to police brutality. On February eleventh Mubarak was forced to resign and the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF), made up of high ranking army figures, took over and undertook all legislative and executive powers two days later. In June 2012, Egypt’s military rulers officially recognized Mohamed Morsi of the Muslim Brotherhood as the winner of Egypt’s first competitive presidential election. He became Egypt’s fifth president, his victory, 16 months after the military ceased Mubarak’s power, is a huge milestone in Egypt’s transition to democracy. Mr. Morsi Resigned from the Brotherhood and the Freedom and Justice Party as promised. However Morsi’s new status at president does little to resolve the problem between the generals and the Brotherhood over the institutions of government and the future constitution. Before they promised to hand over power to President Morsi, the generals shut down the democratically elected and Islamist-led Parliament, and took over its powers to make laws and set budgets. They also ordered an interim Constitution stripping the incoming president of most of his powers and reimposed martial law by allowing soldiers to arrest civilians. In the process, the generals gave themselves, in effect, a veto over provisions of a planned permanent Constitution. By November 2012, Mr.