Religion has changed for as long as man has been on earth, producing many different religions and beliefs. In today’s world most religions that are still in practice are monotheistic religions, meaning they worship only one god. Polytheistic religions can be traced back to ancient days; the worship of many gods was the order of the ancient days. Difference in people who practiced monotheistic religions and people that practiced polytheistic religions are very apparent throughout history. Polytheism doesn’t occur in many of the dominant modern religions which include Christianity, Islam and the like. One can tell a lot about societies by looking at their religion. Civilizations that have been polytheistic tend to have more violent with hash, less forgivable laws. For example the civilization of Egypt, Greece and ancient Mesopotamia that developed between two rivers , the Euphrates and Tigris, in the area of land known as the fertile crescent which occupies the modern countries Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, west and south western Iran and south eastern Turkey. Ancient Mesopotamia practiced the first known religion which was polytheistic. These gods were not like the loving and forgiven God we think of nowadays. These gods had quick and unchangeable temperament and moody often, often punishing people for no apparent reason. Because there were multiple gods all with different personalities, there was often conflict among them as they had many of the same bad traits that humans do. In reality the multiple gods in polytheistic religions were exactly like humans but only that they had the power to rule the earth. They resented the existence of humans and once they even sent a great flood to wipe out all man. This flood idea may sound may sound familiar but it was not because mankind was corrupt and evil as it is monotheistic versions but because humans were too noisy and annoyed the gods. So when one couldn’t trust their own gods to protect them how could lowly human beings be trusted? Because their gods were deceitful, people didn’t trust others to be good, so when crimes were committed, they punishment were very harsh as we can remember from the first written law by the Mesopotamia called the Hammurabi’s code. The most conversant part of this code was “an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth”, if by accident you hurt someone that person was allowed revenge by doing the same to you. If you killed a woman, the father of that woman could kill your daughter;…
Religion and Non-Religion
The religious dimension in human history
-the expression of the religious dimension in human history
Tyler used ‘animism’ to describe the belief that a spirit or life force exists in every animate and inanimate object
Good and evil beliefs:
‘Good’ brings benefits such as health, social harmony and good hunting/gathering conditions
Evil spirits are believed responsible for sickness and disease or disastrous natural events
Animist ritual: the spirits might…
The Nature and Experience of Religion
Part 3. Write an essay on one of the following topics:
2) Write an essay explaining how our understanding of Buddhism and African traditional religions is affected by the Western Christian bias in the study of religion. How does the phenomenological approach to studying religion attempt to address this bias?
The Western Christian bias has reflected upon those Christians who feel their religion may be higher than other religions. They are widely known to…
an anima in Latin, including animals, plants, rocks, mountains, rivers, and stars. Animists believe each anima is a powerful spirit that can help or hurt them and are to be worshipped or feared or in some way attended to. Animism is a primitive religion whose adherents have for thousands of years deified animals, stars, and idols of any kind, and practiced spiritism, witchcraft, divination and astrology. They use magic, spells, enchantments, superstitions, amulets, talismans, charms, or anything…
Eastern religions refer to religions that originated in the Eastern world and are different from those originating from the West. Eastern religions include Buddhism, Hinduism, and Daoism. These religions are all very different, but originating from the same area, have some similarities. For example they all believe in balance. Buddhism and Hinduism recognize the cause and effects of karma, and what happens when it is off balance. On the other hand Daoism relates back to the Yin and Yang for…
Saint Louis University
Imagine if you will a time long ago, an ancient civilization, one of mystery and intrigue, steeped in culture and charm, riches and spirituality. A civilization shrouded in all this and more. How exciting would it have been to live in this the most unique culture of ancient past? That is what ancient Egypt had to offer. If you are like me you will be captivated by the ancient history of Egypt. Not to say this civilization…
aristocracy—Egypt reached height of power
Amenhotep IV- changed hieroglyphics--- noted for abandoning traditional Egyptian polytheism and introducing worship centered on the Aten (monotheism)—undermined influence of Amon’s priests
Osiris- first pharaoh of Egypt and first god to hold kingship--- betrayed by brother Seth and killed—sister and wife picked up remains and reassembled pieces for mummification
Zoroastrianism- universal faith—taught by Zoroaster—religion common…
Egypt Battling Religion
Jan 25, 2012
Religion and politics have been a great debate for many countries. Should religion influence politics? Religion is a set of beliefs concerning the cause, nature, and purpose of the universe, especially when considered as the creation of a superhuman agency or agencies, usually involving devotional and ritual observances, and often containing a moral code governing the conduct of human affairs. Many countries favor this type…
20 September 2011
What is Religion?
What is religion? Is it a coping mechanism? Is it a person’s set of beliefs? Is it a life style or a state of mind? For hundreds, maybe even thousands of years, people have tried to define religion. Rather than people trying to define religion, I believe that religion defines people. Religion is a way for humans to fulfill their innermost desires.
If you look through history, what is it that people are always…
Monotheism and polytheism are two very different belief systems. Monotheism is the belief in one god and polytheism is the belief in more one than one god. The concept of morality can and does exist within cultures that have only one god, as well as cultures that have multiple gods. Without morality, the world would be a place of extreme chaos and pandemonium. However, the foundation for morality within polytheistic religions is quite contradictory to the foundation for morality with monotheistic religions…
because of the unpredictability of their environment. The Egyptians, on the other hand, had an optimistic outlook because the Nile River inundated their region regularly, which could be predicted by the stars. The similarities and differences in the religions of these two regions may be attributable to the relative geographical isolationism of the two areas, which allowed them to develop without the influence of outside cultures.
Both ancient cultures built sophisticated monuments to praise their…