Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia are two very important cultures that shaped how we view life and what we do today. Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia have many similarities like their social class, they both had their own form of writing, and they both had very complex religions. Their social classes consisted of about 4 different types of people. Their writing was either Cuneiform or Hieroglyphics. They both had gods that they worshiped or hated. Both Egypt and Mesopotamia had differences but they are outweighed by the similarities. Egyptians and Mesopotamians have a lot of the same social classes. The both have the ruling class which is made of priests ore gods. The priests would talk to the gods and then tell the people what they needed to do to make the gods happy so that they wouldn't get punished. Then they had the merchants and the scribes that did a lot of work that you had experience in. They built a lot of things that were used by the people of the empire. Then there was the peasants or the farmers that did all of the dirty work for almost nothing. Most of the farmers were slaves and ended up working for free because they had to pay off a debt that they owed to someone or they were prisoners. We know about all of these because they kept record of it by writing it all down Both Egyptians and Mesopotamians have their own form of writing that are extremely old. One is Hieroglyphics and the other is Cuneiform. Hieroglyphics were only the Egyptians and only the Egyptians could read them. Hieroglyphs were drawn out as an image that told you something. The Mesopotamians made Cuneiform. This was the first form of writing ever discovered. They used a wedge to write something on clay tablets. Both Hieroglyphics and Cuneiform are two of the oldest forms of writing that have been discovered. We have found a lot of information in both ways of writing
March 04, 2013
The ancient civilization of Mesopotamia was located west of the Iranian Plateau or what it’s known today as modern Iraq. Beside it, a second civilization began to establish in northeast Africa, along the Nile River. The Egyptians, a civilization with similar, yet distance cultural beliefs. Their geographical differences became a factor in shaping their cultures. Both civilizations benefited from their rivers because it satisfied…
Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia
Egypt and Mesopotamia, although similar, are different as a result of one major natural resource: a river. Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia were an agricultural based society that believed in the existence of many deities; however, they differed in the aspect of how they evolved as an agricultural society and whether they feared or praised their gods.
Mesopotamia, also known as the Fertile Crescent, was located inside the Euphrates and Tigris River. The fertile land…
Modern Vs Ancient
Treatment, medicine, and beliefs are all different, all over the world. In ancient times,
before we knew all we know about the medical field and the body today, it was especially
different, considering they didn’t know even close as we know in modern times. The
beliefs for why diseases and sicknesses were very different from now, and different
beliefs vary throughout the world. Some places like Ancient Egypt believed diseases and…
abundant, agriculture did not arise. Ex: Australia relied exclusively on foraging until recent centuries.
Farmer vs. Forager (Crash course)
The hot, arid climate of southern Mesopotamia called for irrigation, the artificial provision of water to crops.
They created the framework of civilization in Mesopotamia during a long period of dominance in the third millennium B.C.E.
Mesopotamian farmers usually lived in villages…
During the Bronze age where urbanization was more popular, people were able to develop bronze by mixing copper and tin together (Bentley 32). Having bronze changed civilization altogether because they were able to manufacture tools and weapons. Mesopotamia was a city with wealth and power making its neighbor envious. So with weapons crafted from bronze, the city was able to protect themselves from attackers. Not only was bronze a popular choice for weapons, but also iron was. Iron was just as effectively…
did people do to make a living- Labor, supply,
7 Important Periods
• Ancient Iran, 1000–30 b.c.e.
• Greek Archaic period 800–480 b.c.e.
• Persian Wars
– (Greece vs Persia)
• Classical Age of Greece 480–430 b.c.e.
– Athens on top
• Peloponnesian War (100 years of fighting) 431
BCE- 340 BCE
– Athens Vs Sparta
• Alexander the Great 336 b.c.e
– Macedonian but kicking
• Hellenistic Age 323–30 b.c.e.
– Spread of Greek (Hellenistic culture)
Ancient Iran, 1000–30 b.c.e.
lakes,seas-help foster civilization and new political organizations
Nile-starts in Rwanda and bhurundy
Blue and white nile meet up in sudan to the main nile then the nile branches out to the nile delta
90% of the population lives along the nile
63% of egypts population lives along the nile delta
both have origins in the highlands of south eastern Turkey
the marshes are 30% smaller than their original size due to reverting
Jordan-salt water river
The dead sea-lowest point on earth 417…
Middle East Book
Major civilizations started to develop and become dominant around 3000 BCE, including Mesopotamia. Mesopotamia literally means, “land between the rivers”, the rivers were the Tigris and the Euphrates. A series of ancient civilizations thrived along their banks. Mesopotamia is part of a larger area of relatively arable land known as the Fertile Crescent, which extends westward from Mesopotamia toward the Mediterranean. Unfortunately, the flooding of the Tigris…
institutions, gave land grants to the qizilbash/military, and encouraged trade. With a
stronger military he led the Safavids to conquer northwestern Iran, the Caucasus, and
Mesopotamia. They also harassed the Ottomans.
2. The Ottomans and Safavids were in intermittent conflict because of different kinds of
Muslim (Sunni vs Shiites). However they likely fought for land, not for religion.
3. After a horrible defeat at the battle of Chaldiran due to refusing to use gunpowder, the
of the gods”)= records. Pictograph, ideogram, cuneiform.
d. Institutions for centralized & inherited power
. - Priesthood for centralized sacred ritual
. - Kingship for centralized political and social structure (Paraoh= kings in Egypt)
2. Geographical areas of early civilizations
3. Ages of early Greek mythology to Ovid ( Poet of Metamorphoses)
a. Origin of humans: sacred clay (wise and rulers) blood of titans (murderous and criminals), and stones(endurance)…