Traveling back in time there were two of histories well known empires, One being the New Kingdom of Egypt and the other was the Babylonian Empire. Both Egypt and Babylon flourished during their time, one empire had many great leaders who lead them into a new era and a single great leader with harsh laws governed the other. They were socially equal with the different levels of class and hierarchy, yet one prospered more economically then the other. Both empires believed in and worshipped many gods acting as co-laborers with their gods for different religious beliefs, as well as their likenesses in their culture both empires had strong military forces with minor differences. Though there are many similarities with these empires, there are also many differences that may seem minor but are actually what made them who they are. To start off let’s take a look at their politics, Egypt was lead by many pharaohs and some of those pharaohs’ reigns lasted longer then others. King Ahmose 1 came about in 1570 B.C.E, and established the New Kingdom of Egypt by over coming the previous ruler Hyksos. During this time the pharaohs were able to rebuild Egypt’s prosperous empire again, how ever it was short lived. Throughout the reign of Hatshepsut she tried to maintain and shape the domestic and commercial environments in her empire, mean while trying to protect her borders. Many pharaohs followed suite by trying to maintain an order, and protect their lands. Babylon on the other hand only ever had one great leader, Hammurabi, whose reign lasted for 60 years. Hammurabi was a harsh ruler who’s law code most know for the “eye for an eye” system, though harsh as he was Hammurabi established a great empire. Like in many other empires there are different levels of hierarchy, usually it went from the highest being kings to the lowest being slaves. The Egyptians level of hierarchy was just that, with the highest being the gods, and the lowest being the slaves and servants. Babylon too had different levels of class, but unlike Egypt, the Babylonian empire broke it down into 3 classes. The first class was that of upper class, kings, nobles, free citizens, and military. Then came the slaves as the second class, and the third class was that of a free person of lower class. Though with the many different levels of hierarchy, each class played a part in building their economy. The Egyptians brought in most of their wealth from farming, and fishing, “Thanks to the yearly inundations the soil remained fertile. But agricultural techniques were not very efficient. Improvements were rare, implements remained primitive and the breeding of better livestock was haphazard” (Author unknown). Another source of wealth was the products that they manufactured, such as linen, beer, and wine. They would also mine for metals such as copper, bronze, and iron, they would use these metals to not only sell but to make tools as well. Now the Babylonian empire brought in most of their wealth through their good crops and plentiful herds of sheep and cattle. They used their sources for trading to obtain materials such as copper, gold, and wood. They would then use these materials to produce other products and would sell on the market. Both empires had one major thing in common their cultures worshiped their gods, as they believed they would have better crops, and good weather. The Babylonians worshipped many gods but only had one principal god, Marduk. Marduk was considered the god of the city and was represented by a dragon, which was placed in the center of the city. Each year they would hold a new years festival
Dynasty = the first dynasty in the Persian empire, which came to power in the 7th century B.C.E.
Akhenaton [ak-hen-AH-ten] = The New Kingdon Pharaoh who declared the Aten, or sun disc, to be the only god; during Akhenaton’s rule, worship of any other gods or goddesses was prohibited.
Alexander the Great = a Greek ruler who conquered most of the known world, including Mesopotamia and Egypt, during the late fourth century B.C.E.
Almanacs = a Babylonian invention that helped prepare for changing…
that extends from the eastern Mediterranean coast through the valley of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers to the Persian Gulf. It was the center of the Neolithic development of agriculture (from 7000 bc), and the cradle of the Assyrian, Sumerian, and Babylonian civilizations
Mesopotamia-An ancient region of southwestern Asia in present-day Iraq, lying between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Its alluvial plains were the site of the civilizations of Akkad, Sumer, Babylonia, and Assyria
2584 BC to Assyrian Pyramids in 721-701 BC.
The pyramids of Giza are by far the most well known in the world. They are a symbolism of the mighty Egyptian empire. They stand in the sandy deserts of Egypt reflecting on the prodigious accomplishments and achievements in medicine, agriculture, architecture and engineering. The pyramids built by the Egyptians are an incredible feat of architecture, organisation and engineering. It took well over 20 years for a large pyramid to be built. Although they were…
the most famous examples is Hammurabi’s Laws
5) Yahweh – God of monotheistic religion of Judaism that influenced later Christianity and Islam
6) Sumerians – Earliest Mesopotamian society
7) Babylonians – Natives or inhabitants of ancient Babylonia or Babylon
8) Assyrians – Southwest Asian people who built an empire that reached its height during the eighth and seventh centuries B.C.E.; it was known for a powerful army and a well-structured state
9) Phoenicians – Members of a Semitic people who inhabited…
like a mountain and you can still see that mountain today it is the great pyramid of Cheops.
The need for such a big tomb was part of their religion they believed the pharaoh was sons of the sun god and that is why they obeyed him in fear.
The Egyptians believed that after they died they had need of the body so they found a way to preserve the bodies by rubbing the body in juices and ointments of plant and wrapped them in thin strip of cloth this process is mummification.
The tomb have food and…
Compare and Contrast Essay of Egypt and Mesopotamia
Egypt and Mesopotamia developed different and similar political and religious civilizations. Mesopotamian civilizations such as the Sumerians, the Akkadian kingdom, the Assyrian empire and the Babylonian city-state, were all too dependent on the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. Egypt’s natural isolation and material self-sufficiency fostered a unique culture that for long periods had relatively little to do with other civilizations. Ancient Egypt…
conquest--- conquered cities of Sumer, established direct control over Mesopotamia--- and transformed Sumer and Akkad into first known empire.
Middle Kingdom- reestablishment of central government—pharaohs represented good shepherds—secured border with Nubia
Hatshepsut- woman pharaoh—launched military campaigns and extended trade and diplomacy—most ambitious builders of Egyptian history—new kingdom pharaoh
Khufu Ship- sealed into pit of Giza pyramid—built by Khufu (old kingdom pharaoh)
Assyrian empire. Assyria was overthrown by Babylon, an Assyrian province with a history of former glory in its own right. Egypt, fearing the sudden rise of the Neo-Babylonian empire, seized control of Assyrian territory up to the Euphrates river in Syria, but Babylon counter-attacked and in the process Josiah, the king of Judah, was killed. Judah became a Babylonian client, but in the following years two parties formed at the court in Jerusalem: one pro-Egyptian and the other pro-Babylonian.
considered a defining trait of human beings?
EARLY CIVILIZATIONS IN THE MIDDLE EAST TO ABOUT 1000 B.C.E. page 5
HOW DID control over water resources influence early Middle Eastern civilizations?
ANCIENT NEAR EASTERN EMPIRES page 14
HOW DID conquest and trade shape early empires in the Near East?
EARLY INDIAN CIVILIZATION page 16
WHAT INFLUENCES did the first Indus valley civilization have on later Indian religious and
EARLY CHINESE CIVILIZATION page 23
WHY DID large territorial…
tools occurred at the first in only few areas in the Near East, china, and the southeast Asia. In Europe, Mesoamerica, and the Andes of south America, stone continued as the dominate material for tools. Writing is the hallmark of this period with Egyptians putting words on papyrus, (a flat writing surface made from pressed reeds) and Mesopotamians incising words on clay tables. In Egypt artisans pioneered the use of vellum ( ot parchment, a material prepared from animal skin which was more flexible…