Essay on Eisenhower/Truman Doctrine Study Guide

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Eisenhower/ Truman Study Guide
The questions cover Chapters 5, 6, and 7 from the Cold War book- Pearson, and Ch. 12, 16, and 17 and pages 150-161 from the Todd book. All of these sections were assigned and questions were asked in class covering most of the readings. 1. What was the difference between Cominform and COMECOM?

Cominform: Communist Information Bureau (September 1947) created as an instrument to increase Stalin’s control over the Communist parties of other countries.
COMECOM: Council for Mutual Economic Assistance – was a centralized agency that linked Eastern bloc countries to Moscow (bilateral trade agreements – response to Marshall Plan) to stimulate and control their economic development and support the
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List Eisenhower’s most significant DOMESTIC accomplishments. (Pleva and Powerpoint Notes)

* Building highways and interstate systems for both US defense and economy (aided in communication and transportation of material goods) * Row houses of suburbia symbolized a booming national economy and standard of living * Expressways led to these suburbs and ‘row houses’ and the idea of the ‘American Dream’ was still alive

10. Important terms from the Todd reading: e. Defensive perimeter: was the US military strategy developed in relation to Asia: war plans were drawn up to defend a crescent of off-shore Pacific islands against any possible communist threat from the Soviet Union or China. These islands were Japan, the Ryukyu Islands, Guam, and the Philippines. These formed an inverted U-shape, and all had US airbases and garrisons. f. Baruch Plan: a US plan presented by Bernard Baruch to the UN on June 15, 1946. It was supposed to remove Soviet fears about the USA’s nuclear monopoly by eventually placing such weapons under international control. An International Atomic Energy Authority would be set up to control all raw materials and atomic plants. However, the USA then insisted on its right to continue making nuclear weapons and to retain them for some time. Gromyko, the Soviet ambassador to the UN, called for a complete ban of nuclear weapons. The Baruch Plan was ultimately