Electronic Data Interchange and Idoc Essay examples

Submitted By suseev
Words: 2670
Pages: 11

9/28/13

IDoc Basics For Functional Consultants | SCN

ABSTRACT
IDocs are used in most of the SAP applications for transfer of message from SAP to other systems and vice versa. A lot of documentation is available on web for IDocs but most of them are technical in nature.
This document is written from perspective of a functional consultant and this will help in dealing with support issues related to IDoc. An effort has been made to capture all the necessary information about
IDocs that a functional consultant needs to be aware of.
OVERVIEW
IDoc is an SAP object that carries data of a business transaction from one system to another in the form of electronic message. IDoc is an acronym for Intermediate Document. The purpose of an IDoc is to transfer data or information from SAP to other systems and vice versa. The transfer from SAP to non­SAP system is done via EDI (Electronic Data Interchange) subsystems whereas for transfer between two SAP systems, ALE is used.

IDoc can be triggered in SAP system or in EDI subsystem. This depends on the direction in which IDoc is sent and is called as Inbound IDoc and Outbound
IDoc accordingly. In case of outbound flow, IDoc is triggered in SAP through document message control which is then sent to EDI subsystem. EDI converts the data from IDoc into XML or equivalent format and then sends the data to partner system through Internet.
For inbound flow, EDI converts partner data and IDoc is created in SAP. After successful processing of this IDoc, Application Document is posted in SAP.

EDI STANDARDS AND IDOC
“EDI is electronic exchange of business document between the computer systems of business partners, using a standard format over a communication network”. EDI stands for Electronic Data Interchange. For transmission of information electronically, two widely used standards are
ANSI ASC X12 and EDIFACT. ANSI ASC X12 is a committee formed by representatives of major organizations, government bodies and EDI software companies which defines standards and guidelines for information interchange over EDI. UN/EDIFACT stands for United Nations EDI for Administration, scn.sap.com/docs/DOC-34785 1/25

9/28/13

IDoc Basics For Functional Consultants | SCN

commerce and Transport and was formed in 1985 using ANSI X12 and UNTDI
(United Nations Trade Data interchange) as base standards. ANSI X12 describes business document as transactions and each transaction is represented by three digit number e.g. 850 – Purchase Order, 855 ­ Purchase
Order Acknowledgement. EDIFACT describes business document as messages, represented by standard names e.g. ORDERS for purchase order.

IDOC TERMINOLOGIES
IDOC (BASIC) TYPE
IDoc Types are based on the EDI standards and mostly on EDIFACT standards. Basic Types (or IDoc Type) defines the structure of an IDoc. Each basic type describes standard IDoc segments, format of data fields and their size. Basic
Type also defines number of segments and fields in an IDoc. All the fields that are necessary for transmission of message for a particular business transaction are mapped in different segments. It also defines the structure and relationship of IDoc segments along with mandatory and optional segments.

IDOC EXTENSION
Basic type contains all the standard fields that are necessary for carrying out a business transaction. However, if any additional values are to be sent to the partner then we can make use of the IDoc Extension feature. IDoc extension is scn.sap.com/docs/DOC-34785 2/25

9/28/13

IDoc Basics For Functional Consultants | SCN

extension of basic type and contains additional custom IDoc segments and fields that are not available in standard…