Religious toleration: Emmanuel Kant begins his own view of criticisms of the organization and practices of religious groups to those that encourage what he sees as a false sense of religion to that of God. Here Kant argues against religious intolerance by explaining that although humans are certain of our moral duties, human beings do not have an established certainty of God's commands. Thus a religious belief that demands a contravention of morality according to Kant can never be justified. And then according to Kant the word he uses “immaturity” described as relying on authorities like the Bible, the Church and the State to tell us what to think and do. To Kant “maturity” was using our own God-given reason and understanding to decide what to think and how to act. Kant’s view of religious toleration was that the church would say things to get people to believe in, but in reality what they would say would most often no be true.
Human Nature: It is indeed a disposition, but a disposition of one's will, not a disposition of emotions, feelings, desires or any other feature of human nature that might be amenable to habituation. Moreover, the disposition is to overcome obstacles to moral behavior that Kant thought were ineradicable features of human nature. Kant would describe “categorical imperative” as to where it was and instinct placed by God in the human conscience. Kant said it was an offence to God-given human nature to think and act as the Bible, Church or State commands and instructs us. Kant stated that it was the emergence of the human race from a state of immaturity to a state of maturity. What Kant says that in times past men had no conception of the perfection to which human nature might attain and even now we have not a very clear idea of the matter. The human nature Kant describes is based upon science more than religion because he says that science describes nature, but not morality.
What Kant believes most on is that “Man is the only being who needs education.” For by education we must understand nurture, he gives the example of “the tending and feeding of the child”, but also discipline, and teaching, together with culture. According to this, what Kant says is man is in succession infant, child, and scholar. It may be that education will be constantly improved, and that each succeeding generation will advance one step towards the perfecting of mankind. For with education is involved the great secret of the perfection of human nature. And this ties back to education and human nature going hand to hand. If education is to develop human nature so that it may attain the object of its being, it must involve the exercise of judgment. What he describes is education is an “art” which can only become perfect through the practice of many generations. “Man can only become man by education” (Immanuel Kant). And Kant’s main purpose of education is man is merely what education makes of him.
Relationship of government to Individual: In accordance to Kant the power of the state is limited in order to protect citizens from the “arbitrary” exercise of authority. Kant therefore is in favor of that the liberty of individuals can only occur within a “patriotic government” because if not there will be space for the relationship of individuals, which are also fitted to the scope of the government to come together. Kant’s perspective is that independence causes the formation of rights within the political context. And this is saying that a government has to be able to work together with the individuals. This way the leader or government also has more “power” to grant rights to individuals which correspond with the nature of the state. The leader or ruler would be in a position to determine everything for the member of society, and this member would not see the need to question or want to practice his rights because the commonwealth appears to be “right” in how it directs the citizens. Each member has to…