Cognition can be defined as the mental processes of acquiring and processing knowledge and understanding through experiences and the senses occurring within the mind. The mind cannot exist or function independently without these processes. Cognitive psychologists assume that conscious and unconscious mental processes can influence emotions, emotional experiences, and actions. This guides cognitive and rational emotive therapies, which assume that cognitions and emotions are interrelated, and that negative cognitions will lead to negative emotions. Those negative emotions may come out of people’s defective interpretations of experiences, and that is by educating consciousness and challenging and changing those beliefs that may modify our disposition. Aristotle believes people are thinking animals, meaning they can overcome their brutish emotions. Rousseau proclaims emotions give us meaning and make us special. Whereas, Hippocrates states the brain is what directs emotions.
Nonverbal reactions are considered to be the way we look at people. Some types of reactions involving behavior are examples like facial expressions, gestures, vocal rate and tone, also slumped posture, which indicates tiredness or sadness (it is more pronounced when under the influence of enhancer, such as, alcohol). It is dangerous to assume someone's nonverbal behavior. There is a connection between verbalizing emotions and nonverbal reactions. Verbal expression is the power to communicate emotion with others so they know how you feel. People overstate the strength of their feelings, which can be tricky for some. Without verbally expressing yourself, researchers have identified a wide range of problems including social isolation, unsatisfying relationships, feelings of anxiety and depression, and misdirected aggression.
Debilitating emotions are so powerful as to hinder with normal daily actions. Someone suffering from debilitating grief might not be able to cope with their job. A person with debilitating fear might not be able to leave their home. There is a distinction here between facilitative emotions, which contribute to effective functioning, and debilitative emotions, which keep us from feeling and relating effectively. Many