How are priority issues for Australia’s health identify?
* Measuring health status
~ Role of epidemiology the role of epidemiology is the study about health including life expectancy, mortality rate, infant mortality rate and morbidity rate. It is also the use of health care service such as hospital admissions and Medicare claims > this study is known as epidemiology and it provides the information on the distribution of disease, illness and injury.
~ Measures of epidemiology
Mortality rate > this is knows as the death rate and measure the number of death from a specific reason during a period of time.
Infant mortality rate > Measure the yearly number of deaths of children under 1 year of age per 1000 live births. – death rate
Morbidity rate > this rate informs us about the level of diseases in specific populations.
What can epidemiology tell us?
- Epidemiology has many purposes, such as:
> monitoring the major causes of sickness and death to find any developing issues and differences between groups
> noticing the use of health care services and facilities
> determining importance areas for the allocations of government funding
> assessing the effectiveness of any prevention and treatment programs.
Who uses these measures?
Do they measure everything about health status?
Areas of the Ottawa Charter.
D > DEVELOPING
P > PERSONAL
S > SKILLS
Personal + social development will occur through the provision of information, education for health + the enhancement of life skills.
Example: Educate people about it and let them know about it
C > CREATING
S > SUPPORTIVE
The action area focuses on the place where people live, work ad play
Examples: Non smoking area, restaurants, beaches parks Etc.
S > STRENGTHENING
Empowerment of communities to identify + implement actions
Examples: No smoking at Manly Beach Etc., no smoking at sport places.
Giving them more power to set up rules.
R > REONTATING
H > HEALTH