ISSN 0973-4562, Volume 8, Number 18 (2013) pp. 2101-2106
© Research India Publications http://www.ripublication.com/ijaer.htm Nuclear Energy and Environmental Sustainability:
Issues and Challenges
Department of Law, Punjabi University, Patiala.
Nuclear Energy is the use of ‘Exothermic Nuclear Processes’ to generate useful heat and electricity in India. This term ‘exothermic reaction’ includes both nuclear fission and nuclear decay of radioactive materials such as Uranium U-235 and U-238, Radium (Ra+),
Rubidium (Rub+), Thorium (Th-), Krypton (k+), Polonium (Po-) etc.
Due to easily availability of Thorium and Uranium in India, these are the main sources for Fuel cycles, which is to be used in the Nuclear
Power Plants. Due to rapid growth of Population, Industrialisation and
Globalisation the need of electricity increased day by day, but all the sources are insufficient to produce the electricity. Nuclear Power is the main source to generate the electricity in developing and developed countries, but this process is very dangerous. The area of the Nuclear
Energy Sector and Nuclear Law is large, very complex and it is more complicated with study of Nuclear Power Plants in India. Under the
Nuclear Energy Sector so many problems relating to Nuclear Power
Plants like Radioactive Waste Disposal Problems, Radiation Problems of Nuclear Material, Transportation Problems, Environmental
Problems, Land, Water and Air problems, delay and decay of Nuclear
Waste Material in India. Hence, due to above reasons there is a big need in of sustainable development in Nuclear Energy Sector in India for protection of Environment, person and Property.
Keywords: Nuclear, Energy, Exothermic, Environment, Property,
The Department of Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) is under the supervision of
Centre Government and headed by Dr. Manmohan Singh, Prime Minister of India.
Recently, Government of India taking so many initiatives for the development of
Nuclear Power Plants and Nuclear Fuel Stations in India. A Nuclear Power Plant is a
Thermal Power Station, in which the heat source is a nuclear reactor as in all conventional thermal power stations. A nuclear reactor is a device to initiate and control a sustained nuclear chain reaction. The heat is used to generate steam which drives a steam turbine connected to a generator, which produces electricity. Nuclear reactors are used at nuclear power plants for electricity generation. The Heat from nuclear fission (when heavier nuclear splits into smaller nuclear) is passed to a working fluid (water or gas), which runs through turbines. The Nuclear Energy is the use of exothermic nuclear process to generate useful heat and electricity. The term exothermic reaction includes both nuclear fission and nuclear delay and decay of
Radioactive Materials. Due to easy availability of Thorium and Uranium, these are the main sources for nuclear fuel cycle, which is to be used in both Nuclear Research
Reactors and Nuclear Power Plants in India. The Nuclear Energy is the fourth-largest source of electricity in India and the Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited
(NPCIL) regulates and manages the Nuclear Power Plants in India.
2. Nuclear Power Plants Development and Issues
Nuclear Renaissance starts with the election of President George W. Bush in 2000, the long decline in nuclear power plants development in United States. So Indeed, the construction of new reactors idea gives the birth to Nuclear Renaissance in United
States and around the World. But in India, Nuclear Renaissance starts with Indo-US
Nuclear Treaty 2005. After development in Nuclear Sector the Indian Government passed the Civil Nuclear Liability for Damage Act, 2010 is deals with liability of nuclear damage in civil and defence related nuclear activities in India. In the present
India uses, only 2.9% nuclear energy, next 20