a) When the government collects statistics, what are the four main social categories used for classification in the UK?
b) State what other classifications may be used and give the meaning of the terms.
Household – A family unit or people living under the same roof and the different relationships they have.
Gender – The different behaviour types between men and women.
Nationality – The country you are from or have citizenship to.
Sexual Orientation – What sexual preference you have, gay, lesbian or straight.
Religion – A person’s faith.
Disability – A physical or mental impairment which has an effect on a person’s ability to carry out tasks.
2. Name three different ethnic groups you know about and state where they come from.
a) Bangladeshi from the Bangladeshi region of Sylhet.
b) Pakistanis from Pakistan
c) Chinese from Hong Kong
3. Give two examples of situations where people are treated equally and explain how they are treated equally.
Applying for a job – there are opportunities for both men and women to get the same job, they can’t be refused the job because of their sex.
Having treatment – Anyone can go and see a doctor as they have the right to be cared for, their backgrounds should not be taken into account.
4. State two negative effects of putting people into social categories.
1. You might stereotype them.
2. You may misjudge them and put them into the wrong category.
5. Choose three people that you know.
a) Describe one way in which they are different from you and say why you like it.
Boss – Is patient, he is a good listener and methodical
My wife – Is strong-willed, when she decides to do something she finishes it no matter how difficult it is.
Mum – Is sociable, she is not afraid to talk to anyone.
b) Describe one way in which they are similar to you and say why you like it.
Boss – Analytical, it helps to get the job done quicker.
My wife – Encouraging, we are positive to each other.
Mum – Amiable, we always make a good first impression.
6. Define the term ‘diversity’.
People are not alike. Everyone is different. Diversity consists of visible and non-visible factors, which include personal characteristics such as background, culture, personality and work-style.
7. Explain what is meant by equality in the UK.
Equality in the UK means that everyone is valued as individuals. It also means that everyone has equal rights.
8. Describe three areas in which people should be treated equally and why it is important.
a) Pay – If Men and Women are doing the same job then they should be paid equally.
b) Working hours – We cannot be forced to work more hours than what is stated in our employment contracts, employers should take it seriously.
c) Entitlement – People with different nationalities have a right to apply for jobs and to be given an opportunity, background, religion, etc should not affect a person’s chances.
9. Jack and Bill were both waiting to have an operation on their eyes. In the same week, the doctor sent them to see a consultant. When the consultant saw Bill he recognised him as an old school friend. He told both Jack and Bill that there was a waiting list of two months for eye operations but to Bill he offered to do the operation in two weeks time.
a) Were Jack and Bill treated equally? No
b) How should the consultant have treated both Jack and Bill?
The consultant should have treated them both equally and not offered to do Bill’s operation in 2 weeks.
10. Give one example of equality in the workplace and say why it is important.
All people in the workforce, from the CEO to cleaners should be treated equally because there is no need to look down on people or behave arrogantly.
Equality means being treated fairly and being given the same opportunities regardless of personal characteristics, for example; a man is paid more because he has