Erica Hubbard DSM IV Evaluation Essay

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DSM-IV Evaluation
Erica A. Hubbard
May 5, 2015
Dr. Elizabeth Kindall

In the interest of Case Study 1, I have determined that Josephine is suffering from Schizoid Personality Disorder. At this time there are no causes of Schizoid Personality Disorder; therefore, the cause is unknown for Josephine. It is possible that it could be a result of her genetics. A potential treatment plan I would recommend for Josephine would be to begin cognitive-behavioral therapy, drug therapy, and group therapy. ("Schizoid Personality Disorder",2014). Case Study 2 indicates that Luis is a 38-year-old male that boasts his accomplishments and has little to no patience. At this time, Luis suffers from Narcissistic Personality Disorder. I was not able to determine the exact cause for Luis. Theories indicate that it could be a result of a dysfunctional childhood. Such as abuse or neglect and/or even extremely high expectations were set for him. Luis's disorder could also have been caused by Psychobiology. (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2014) Narcissistic Personality Disorder is extremely hard to treat. Typically treatment is only sought when another disorder is associated with the Narcissistic Personality Disorder such as depression. Therapists have tried cognitive-behavioral, group and family therapy. In Case Study 3, Anissa survived a car accident in which there were fatalities in the car she was driving. Anissa was not at fault, and she was hit by a drunk driver. She is suffering from numbness in both her hands and a medical reason has been ruled out as the cause. I have determined that Anissa has developed Somatoform Disorder, a psychosocial disorder that can result in body pain. Any stress can cause the symptoms to be worse. Therefore, stress reduction is imperative for Anissa's symptoms to improve. Cognitive-behavioral therapy may also help to relieve her symptoms. It may be useful to have Anissa's friends and family to participate in counseling. ("Somatoform Disorders", 2014) Case Study 4 indicates that Karen is suffering from Dissociative Disorder. Karen recently lost her only child unexpectedly. The information from the case study indicates that Karen went from being a happily married mother to burying her child in a weeks time. Dissociative disorder is more likely to develop in women than men. Karen's disorder developed due to her response to the traumatic event of losing her son. Treatment for Karen should include reducing any unnecessary stress, psychotherapy, and medication. ("Dissociative Disorders", 2015) I have determined that Tony from Case Study 5 is suffering from Schizophrenia. Schizophrenia symptoms typically start in men when they are early to mid-20's. Tony is a freshman in college. Schizophrenia is a brain disorder in which people determine reality in an abnormal way. Patients that suffer from