1. What problems and issues does Torevell discuss concerning conscience?
The following questions are based on J. Hoose, Conscience in World Religions. Answer briefly, but accurately.
2. Explain, with references to The Second Vatican Council, Veritatis Splendor, and the Catechism of the Catholic Church the changing understanding of the authority of conscience in the Roman Catholic Church according to Hoose (pp.71-79).
(The magisterium is the teaching office of the Roman Catholic Church)
Read the pages first. Then summarise in your own words in one paragraph adding relevant details / quotations.
3. Explain in detail why Hoose argues that a mature conscience should not be a heteronomous one (subject to external or outside rules or laws) (p.86-8).
4. Why have some Christian beliefs about God led to the desire to hold on to the superego according to Callaghan (pp. 88ff)?‘Virtue ethics is a good approach to the issues surrounding sex and relationships.’ Discuss. (2008)
1. Give a very brief idea of virtue ethics and what your argument will be in your introduction.
2. Answer the question explicitly using the key word(s). Use the critique of VE to help give you ideas.
3. Apply specifically to issues of sex and relationships.
Give examples – hypothetical or real.
4. Include different views (so weaknesses and strengths of the approach).An essay is generally a short piece of writing written from an author's personal point of view, but the definition is vague, overlapping with those of an article and a short story.
Essays can consist of a number of elements, including: literary criticism, political manifestos, learned arguments, observations of daily life, recollections, and reflections of the author. Almost all modern essays are written in prose, but works in verse have been dubbed essays (e.g. Alexander Pope's An Essay on Criticism and An Essay on Man). While brevity usually defines an essay, voluminous works like John Locke's An Essay Concerning Human Understanding and Thomas Malthus's An Essay on the Principle of Population are counterexamples. In some countries (e.g., the United States and Canada), essays have become a major part of formal education. Secondary students are taught structured essay formats to improve their writing skills, and admission essays are often used by universities in selecting applicants and, in the humanities and social sciences, as a way of assessing the performance of students during final exams.
The concept of an "essay" has been extended to other mediums beyond writing. A film essay is a movie that often incorporates documentary film making styles and which focuses more on the evolution of a theme or an idea. A photographic essay is an attempt to cover a topic with a linked series of photographs; it may or may not have an accompanying text or captions.An essay has been defined in a variety of ways. One definition is a "prose composition with a focused subject of discussion" or a "long, systematic discourse". It is difficult to define the genre into which essays fall. Aldous Huxley, a leading essayist, gives guidance on the subject. He notes that "the essay is a literary device for saying almost everything about almost anything", and adds that "by tradition, almost by definition, the essay is a short piece". Furthermore, Huxley argues that "essays belong to a literary species whose extreme variability can be studied most effectively within a three-poled frame of reference". These three poles (or worlds in which the essay may exist) are: